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Public Infrastructures, Public Consumption, and Welfare in a New-Open-Economy-Macro Model

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  • Giovanni Ganelli
  • Juha Tervala

Abstract

This paper focuses on the trade-off faced by governments in deciding the allocation of public expenditures between productivity-enhancing public infrastructures and utility-enhancing public consumption. From the modeling point of view, the paper augments a standard New Open Economy Macroeconomics (NOEM) model by introducing productive public infrastructures. The results show that a temporary increase in the domestic stock of public capital financed by a reduction in public consumption reduces domestic welfare in the short run because the temporary gains from higher productivity do not compensate domestic residents for the utility loss due to lower public consumption. If the policy shift is permanent domestic utility is likely to increase, while foreign residents suffer short-run welfare losses but benefit from welfare gains in the long run. This analysis implies that a permanent domestic reallocation of public spending might result in a virtuous global technological cycle.

Suggested Citation

  • Giovanni Ganelli & Juha Tervala, 2007. "Public Infrastructures, Public Consumption, and Welfare in a New-Open-Economy-Macro Model," IMF Working Papers 07/67, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:07/67
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    Cited by:

    1. Miguel Viegas & Ana Ribeiro, 2015. "Welfare and inequality effects of debt consolidation processes: the case of Spain, 1996–2007," SERIEs: Journal of the Spanish Economic Association, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 6(4), pages 479-496, November.
    2. Orlando Gomes, 2010. "Deterministic randomness in a model of finance and growth," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 20(1), pages 95-114, January.
    3. Shoji, Etsuro & Khai, Vu Tuan & Takeuchi, Hiroko, 2011. "Fiscal Policy in a New Keynesian Overlapping Generations Model of a Small Open Economy," Economic Review, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 62(1), pages 30-43, January.
    4. Andres,Luis Alberto & Biller,S. A. Dan & Herrera Dappe,Matias, 2014. "Infrastructure gap in South Asia : infrastructure needs, prioritization, and financing," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7032, The World Bank.
    5. Philipp Harms & Joachim Lutz, 2014. "Foreign vs. domestic public debt and the composition of government expenditure: A political-economy approach," Working Papers 1415, Gutenberg School of Management and Economics, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, revised 20 Nov 2014.
    6. W. D. Gregori, 2014. "Fiscal Rules and Public Spending: Evidence from Italian Municipalities," Working Papers wp923, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    7. Engler, Philipp & Tervala, Juha, 2011. "Beggar-thyself or beggar-thy-neighbour? The welfare effects of monetary policy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 2034-2040, July.
    8. Viegas, Miguel & Ribeiro, Ana Paula, 2013. "The Dutch experience: Assessing the welfare impacts of two consolidation strategies using a heterogeneous-agent framework," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 351-360.
    9. Baldi, Guido, 2014. "The economic effects of a central bank reacting to house price inflation," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 119-125.
    10. Miguel Viegas & Ana Ribeiro, 2014. "The Economic Adjustment Program for Portugal: assessing welfare impact in a heterogeneous-agent framework," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer;Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestao, vol. 13(1), pages 53-70, April.
    11. Minoru Watanabe & Yusuke Miyake & Masaya Yasuoka, 2015. "Public Investment Financed By Consumption Tax In An Aging Society," The Singapore Economic Review (SER), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 60(05), pages 1-17, December.
    12. Engler, Philipp, 2011. "Monetary policy and unemployment in open economies," Discussion Papers 2011/24, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
    13. Tervala, Juha, 2012. "International welfare effects of monetary policy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 356-376.
    14. Juan González Alegre, 2012. "An evaluation of EU regional policy. Do structural actions crowd out public spending?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 151(1), pages 1-21, April.
    15. Bessho, Shun-ichiro & Ogawa, Hikaru, 2015. "Fiscal adjustment in Japanese municipalities," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(4), pages 1053-1068.
    16. Sergio Destefanis & Vania Sena, 2009. "Public capital, productivity and trade balances: some evidence for the Italian regions," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 37(3), pages 533-554, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Consumption; Economic models; Government expenditures; Fiscal policy; Infrastructure; Welfare; Public Spending Composition; Imperfect Competition; Nominal Rigidities; government spending; public spending; open economy; domestic economy; Open Economy Macroeconomics; Publicly Provided Private Goods;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • H42 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Private Goods
    • H54 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Infrastructures

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