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Cooperative Banks in Europe—Policy Issues

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  • Wim Fonteyne

Abstract

This paper explains the continuing success of European cooperative banks through evolving comparative advantages. It points out that a cooperative is built around an intergenerational endowment without final owners, which creates particular governance challenges. Risks include the use of the endowment for purposes other than members' best interest, such as empire-building, and attempts at appropriation. The risk of empire-building is reinforced by mechanisms that foster capital accumulation and asymmetric opportunities for consolidation. The paper concludes that some form of independent external oversight of corporate governance is warranted and that cooperatives need mechanisms enabling them to better manage their capital.

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  • Wim Fonteyne, 2007. "Cooperative Banks in Europe—Policy Issues," IMF Working Papers 07/159, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:07/159
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    Cited by:

    1. Fiordelisi, Franco & Mare, Davide Salvatore, 2013. "Probability of default and efficiency in cooperative banking," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 30-45.
    2. M. Girotti & R. Meade, 2017. "U.S. Savings Banks' Demutualization and Depositor Welfare," Working papers 639, Banque de France.
    3. Mare, Davide Salvatore, 2015. "Contribution of macroeconomic factors to the prediction of small bank failures," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 25-39.
    4. Barra, Cristian & Destefanis, Sergio & Lubrano Lavadera, Giuseppe, 2016. "Risk and regulation: A difference-in-differences analysis for Italian local banks," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 17(C), pages 25-32.
    5. Derek C. Jones & Panu Kalmi, 2012. "Economies of Scale Versus Participation: a Co-operative Dilemma?," Journal of Entrepreneurial and Organizational Diversity, European Research Institute on Cooperative and Social Enterprises, vol. 1(1), pages 37-64, December.
    6. Kozłowski, Łukasz, 2016. "Synergy or downward competition? Interactions between small credit institutions in local markets," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 16(C), pages 66-74.
    7. Günther, Susanne, 2016. "Peer Monitoring, Eigentümerstruktur und die Stabilität von Banken: Eine empirische Analyse für den deutschen genossenschaftlichen Bankensektor," Arbeitspapiere 167, University of Münster, Institute for Cooperatives.
    8. Derek C. Jones & Panu Kalmi & Antti Kauhanen, 2012. "The effects of general and firm-specific training on wages and performance: evidence from banking," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 64(1), pages 151-175, January.
    9. Nicolas Véron & Morris Goldstein, 2011. "Too big to fail: the transatlantic debate," Working Papers 495, Bruegel.
    10. Kondo, Kazumine, 2018. "The Governance Structures of Japanese Credit Associations and Their Objective Functions," MPRA Paper 85294, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Ferri, Giovanni & Kalmi, Panu & Kerola, Eeva, 2014. "Does bank ownership affect lending behavior? Evidence from the Euro area," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 194-209.
    12. Frank Schmielewski & Thomas Wein, 2015. "Are private banks the better banks? An insight into the principal–agent structure and risk-taking behavior of German banks," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 39(3), pages 518-540, July.
    13. Sergio Lagoa & Abdul Suleman, 2014. "Types of financial institution and their supply of financial services: the case of microfinance in Europe," Working papers wpaper72, Financialisation, Economy, Society & Sustainable Development (FESSUD) Project.
    14. Nikulin, Alexander & Sobolev, Alexander & Trotsuk, Irina & Kurakin, Alexander, 2017. "Russian Agricultural Cooperatives: Regional Features, Economic Behavior, Management and Development Models," Working Papers 061714, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
    15. Alexandre Pourchet & Andrée De Serres & Bernard De Montmorillon, 2014. "Une analyse néo-institutionnelle de l'évolution de la gouvernance et des activités métiers du Groupe Bancaire Coopératif en France," Post-Print hal-01457041, HAL.
    16. Paula CABO & Joao REBELO, 2015. "Differences In Portuguese Credit Institutions' Lending And Investment Behaviour In A Time Of Slump," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 86(3), pages 445-463, September.
    17. Ivana Catturani & Erika Dalpiaz, 2017. "Alternative classifications of Italian banks:Do different grouping rules mislead results on the risk profile of banks?," DEM Working Papers 2017/11, Department of Economics and Management.
    18. Christine Marsal, 2012. "La Gouvernance Mutualiste Comme Levier De Controle," Post-Print hal-00690973, HAL.
    19. Alexopoulos, Yiorgos & Goglio, Silvio, 2011. "Financial Cooperatives: Problems and Challenges in the Post-Crisis Era," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 39(1).
    20. Fiordelisi, Franco & Mare, Davide Salvatore, 2014. "Competition and financial stability in European cooperative banks," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 1-16.
    21. Cristian Barra & Sergio Destefanis & Giuseppe Lubrano Lavadera, 2013. "Regulation and the Crisis: The Efficiency of Italian Cooperative Banks," CSEF Working Papers 338, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    22. Meriläinen, Jari-Mikko, 2016. "Lending growth during the financial crisis and the sovereign debt crisis: The role of bank ownership type," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 168-182.
    23. Gál, Zoltán & Burger, Csaba, 2013. "A vidék bankjai?. A magyar takarékszövetkezeti szektor hitelezési aktivitása
      [Local finance?. Lending activity by the Hungarian cooperative banking sector]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(4), pages 373-401.
    24. Balázs Égert & Antoine Goujard, 2014. "Strengthening Competition in Poland," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1125, OECD Publishing.
    25. Panu Kalmi, 2012. "Cooperative banking," Chapters,in: Handbook of Critical Issues in Finance, chapter 9, pages i-ii Edward Elgar Publishing.

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