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What Drives Stock Market Development in the Middle East and Central Asia—Institutions, Remittances, or Natural Resources?

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  • Andreas Billmeier
  • Isabella Massa

Abstract

In this paper, we assess the macroeconomic determinants of stock market capitalization in a panel of 17 countries in the Middle East and Central Asia, including both hydrocarbon-rich countries and economies without sizeable natural resource wealth. In addition to traditional variables, we include an institutional variable and remittances among the regressors. We find that (i) both institutions and remittances have a positive and significant impact on market capitalization; and (ii) both regressors matter, especially in countries without significant hydrocarbon sectors; whereas (iii) in resource-rich countries, stock market capitalization is mainly driven by the oil price.

Suggested Citation

  • Andreas Billmeier & Isabella Massa, 2007. "What Drives Stock Market Development in the Middle East and Central Asia—Institutions, Remittances, or Natural Resources?," IMF Working Papers 07/157, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:07/157
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    Cited by:

    1. Syed Ali Raza & Syed Tehseen Jawaid & Sahar Afshan & Mohd Zaini Abd Karim, 2015. "Is stock market sensitive to foreign capital inflows and economic growth?: Evidence from Pakistan," Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 8(3), pages 142-164, October.
    2. Samya Beidas-Strom & Weicheng Lian & Ashwaq Maseeh, 2009. "The Housing Cycle in Emerging Middle Eastern Economies and its Macroeconomic Policy Implications," IMF Working Papers 09/288, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Kamal A. El-Wassal, 2013. "The Development of Stock Markets: In Search of a Theory," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 3(3), pages 606-624.
    4. Syed Raza & Syed Jawaid, 2014. "Foreign capital inflows, economic growth and stock market capitalization in Asian countries: an ARDL bound testing approach," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 48(1), pages 375-385, January.
    5. Ziesemer, Thomas H.W., 2012. "Worker remittances, migration, accumulation and growth in poor developing countries: Survey and analysis of direct and indirect effects," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 103-118.
    6. repec:rej:journl:v:19:y:2016:i:61:p:211-226 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Al-Mashat Rania & Billmeier Andreas, 2012. "Push or Pull? The Determinants of Remittances to Egypt," Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, De Gruyter, vol. 8(2), pages 1-27, October.
    8. Kamal, Mona, 2013. "Financial Development and Economic Growth in Egypt: A Re-investigation," MPRA Paper 48564, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Nadeem Ilahi & Riham Shendy, 2008. "Do the Gulf Oil-Producing Countries Influence Regional Growth? The Impact of Financial and Remittance Flows," IMF Working Papers 08/167, International Monetary Fund.
    10. Billmeier, Andreas & Massa, Isabella, 2008. "Go long or short in pyramids? News from the Egyptian stock market," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 949-970, December.
    11. Kaouther Amiri & Ahlem Dakhlaoui & Besma Talibi, 2013. "Estimating Import Demand Function in Oil Exporting Countries: Panel Cointegration Approach," International Journal of Maritime, Trade & Economic Issues (IJMTEI), International Journal of Maritime, Trade & Economic Issues (IJMTEI), vol. 0(1), pages 33-48.
    12. Devinaga RASIAH & Tay Lee YING & Sakiru Adebola SOLARIN, 2016. "Economic freedom index and stock returns in Malaysia," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(1(606), S), pages 213-236, Spring.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic models; Oil prices; Remittances; Natural resources; Middle East and Central Asia; Stock markets; Workers remittances; Stock market capitalization; panel; institutions; stock market; stock market development; domestic credit;

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