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Exchange Rate Risk Measurement and Management; Issues and Approaches for Firms

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  • Michael G. Papaioannou

Abstract

Measuring and managing exchange rate risk exposure is important for reducing a firm's vulnerabilities from major exchange rate movements, which could adversely affect profit margins and the value of assets. This paper reviews the traditional types of exchange rate risk faced by firms, namely transaction, translation and economic risks, presents the VaR approach as the currently predominant method of measuring a firm's exchange rate risk exposure, and examines the main advantages and disadvantages of various exchange rate risk management strategies, including tactical versus strategical and passive versus active hedging. In addition, it outlines a set of widely accepted best practices in managing currency risk and presents some of the main hedging instruments in the OTC and exchange-traded markets. The paper also provides some data on the use of financial derivatives instruments, and hedging practices by U.S. firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael G. Papaioannou, 2006. "Exchange Rate Risk Measurement and Management; Issues and Approaches for Firms," IMF Working Papers 06/255, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:06/255
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bansal, Ravi & Dahlquist, Magnus, 2000. "The forward premium puzzle: different tales from developed and emerging economies," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 115-144, June.
    2. Bodnar, Gordon M. & Gebhardt, Günther, 1998. "Derivatives usage in risk management by U.S. and German non-financial firms: A comparative survey," CFS Working Paper Series 1998/17, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:sgh:gosnar:y:2017:i:3:p:115-141 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Bo Tang, 2015. "Exchange Rate Exposure of Chinese Firms at the Industry and Firm Level," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(3), pages 592-607, August.
    3. Ahmad Ahmadpour Kasgari & Seyyed Hasan Salehnezhad & Fatemeh Ebadi, 2013. "A Review of Bankruptcy and its Prediction," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 3(4), pages 274-277, October.
    4. Mun, Kyung-Chun, 2016. "Hedging bank market risk with futures and forwards," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 112-125.
    5. Stacia Howard, 2009. "Stress testing with incomplete data: a practical guide," IFC Bulletins chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Proceedings of the IFC Conference on "Measuring financial innovation and its impact", Basel, 26-27 August 2008, volume 31, pages 344-355 Bank for International Settlements.
    6. Doan Van Dinh & Guangming Gong, 2013. "Applied Financial Mathematical Model for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Exchange Rate," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 3(4), pages 254-273, October.
    7. He, Zhongfang, 2014. "Efficient estimation of extreme value-at-risks for standalone structural exchange rate risk," MPRA Paper 57800, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. repec:ibn:ijefaa:v:9:y:2017:i:11:p:35-47 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Jimmy Melo, 2014. "Expectativas cambiarias, selección adversa y liquidez," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(1), pages 27-62, May.
    10. Vít Bubák & Filip Žikeš, 2009. "Distribution and Dynamics of Central-European Exchange Rates: Evidence from Intraday Data," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 59(4), pages 334-359, Oktober.
    11. Abdelaaziz Aït Ali & Yassine Msadfa, 2017. "Manufacturing Employment Elasticity and Its Drivers in Developing and Emerging Countries : Focus on Sub-Saharan Africa," Research papers & Policy papers 1709, OCP Policy Center.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exchange rates; Economic models; Financial risk; Financial management; Foreign exchange; Risk management; Industry; International financial markets; Foreign Exchange Hedging; Corporate Hedging Practices; hedging; exchange rate; currency risk; exchange rate risk; Business Economics;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • G13 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics

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