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Setting the Stage for a National Currency in the West Bank and Gaza; The Choice of Exchange Rate Regime

  • Magda E. Kandil
  • S. Beidas

This paper sheds light on the quantitative behavioral responses of key economic variables in the Palestinian economy in the face of major economic shocks and draws implications for the choice of an exchange rate regime should a decision be taken to introduce a national currency. Time-series regression analysis shows that (i) wages and prices are flexible in the face of various shocks; (ii) the real wage appears rigid in the face of various shocks and increases despite higher unemployment; (iii) an appreciation of the new Israeli Sheqalim real effective exchange rate decreases exports and imports; and (iv) money demand appears stable in the face of exchange rate shocks. Although a fixed exchange rate system may initially be desirable to establish credibility of the new currency, some flexibility of the exchange rate is desirable over time.

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Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 05/70.

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Length: 34
Date of creation: 01 Apr 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:05/70
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  1. Reinhart, Carmen & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2004. "The modern history of exchange rate arrangements: A reinterpretation," MPRA Paper 14070, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Rina Bhattacharya, 2003. "Exchange Rate Regime Considerations for Jordan and Lebanon," IMF Working Papers 03/137, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 1995. "The Mirage of Fixed Exchange Rates," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 73-96, Fall.
  4. repec:imf:imfpdp:9312 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Andrew K. Rose, 2000. "One money, one market: the effect of common currencies on trade," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 15(30), pages 7-46, 04.
  6. Stanley Fischer, 2001. "Exchange Rate Regimes: Is the Bipolar View Correct?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(2), pages 3-24, Spring.
  7. Jonathan David Ostry & Anne Marie Gulde & Atish R. Ghosh & Holger C. Wolf, 1995. "Does the Nominal Exchange Rate Regime Matter?," IMF Working Papers 95/121, International Monetary Fund.
  8. Kent Osband & Delano Villanueva, 1993. "Independent Currency Authorities: An Analytic Primer," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 40(1), pages 202-216, March.
  9. Richard K. Abrams, 1995. "The Design and Printing of Bank Notes; Considerations When Introducing a New Currency," IMF Working Papers 95/26, International Monetary Fund.
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