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Financial Integration, Growth, and Volatility


  • Anne Epaulard
  • Aude Pommeret


The aim of this paper is to evaluate the welfare gains from financial integration for developing and emerging market economies. To do so, we build a stochastic endogenous growth model for a small open economy that can (i) borrow from the rest of the world, (ii) invest in foreign assets, and (iii) receive foreign direct investment (FDI). The model is calibrated on 32 emerging market and developing economies for which we evaluate the upper bound for the welfare gain from financial integration. For plausible values of preference parameters and actual levels of financial integration, the mean welfare gain from financial integration is about 10 percent of initial wealth. Compared with financial autarky, actual levels of financial integration translate into slightly higher annual growth rates (around 0.4 percentage point per year.)

Suggested Citation

  • Anne Epaulard & Aude Pommeret, 2005. "Financial Integration, Growth, and Volatility," IMF Working Papers 05/67, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:05/67

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lane, Philip R. & Milesi-Ferretti, Gian Maria, 2001. "The external wealth of nations: measures of foreign assets and liabilities for industrial and developing countries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 263-294, December.
    2. Edison, Hali J. & Levine, Ross & Ricci, Luca & Slok, Torsten, 2002. "International financial integration and economic growth," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 749-776, November.
    3. Buch, Claudia M. & Doepke, Joerg & Pierdzioch, Christian, 2005. "Financial openness and business cycle volatility," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(5), pages 744-765, September.
    4. Bekaert, Geert & Harvey, Campbell R. & Lundblad, Christian, 2006. "Growth volatility and financial liberalization," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 370-403, April.
    5. Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas & Olivier Jeanne, 2006. "The Elusive Gains from International Financial Integration," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 73(3), pages 715-741.
    6. Peter Blair Henry, 2003. "Capital-Account Liberalization, the Cost of Capital, and Economic Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(2), pages 91-96, May.
    7. Hali J. Edison & Michael W. Klein & Luca Antonio Ricci & Torsten Sløk, 2004. "Capital Account Liberalization and Economic Performance: Survey and Synthesis," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 51(2), pages 1-2.
    8. Tille, Cedric, 2005. "The welfare effect of international asset market integration under nominal rigidities," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 221-247, January.
    9. Marco Terrones & Eswar S Prasad & Ayhan Kose, 2003. "Financial Integration and Macroeconomic Volatility," IMF Working Papers 03/50, International Monetary Fund.
    10. repec:rus:hseeco:70549 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Raouf Boucekkine & Giorgio Fabbri & Patrick A. Pintus, 2012. "Short-Run Pain, Long-Run Gain : the Conditional Welfare Gains from International Financial Integration," Documents de recherche 12-14, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
    2. Boucekkine, R. & Fabbri, G. & Pintus, P., 2014. "Growth and financial liberalization under capital collateral constraints: The striking case of the stochastic AK model with CARA preferences," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 122(2), pages 303-307.
    3. Nabi, Mahmoud Sami & Ben Aissa, Safouane & Drine, Imed, 2008. "Ouverture financière et rattrapage technologique : Evidence empirique à partir du bassin méditerranéen
      [Financial Openness and Technological Catch-up: Empirical Evidence from the Mediterranean Basi
      ," MPRA Paper 20637, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jul 2009.
    4. Shotar, M.M. & El-Mefleh, M.A., 2009. "Economic Exposure To Exchange Rates In Jordan Companies: A Monthly Econometric Model Of The Rate Of Return Of Firms, 2004-2007," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 9(1).
    5. repec:gei:journl:v:4:y:2017:i:1:p:136-150 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Martin D. D. Evans & Viktoria Hnatkovska, 2005. "Solving General Equilibrium Models with Incomplete Markets and Many Assets," NBER Technical Working Papers 0318, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Rodolfo Cermeño & María Roa García & Claudio González-Vega, 2012. "Financial Development and Volatility of Growth: Time Series Evidence for Mexico and USA," DEGIT Conference Papers c017_035, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
    8. Sohel Azad, A.S.M. & Batten, Jonathan A. & Fang, Victor & Wickramanayake, Jayasinghe, 2015. "International swap market contagion and volatility," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 355-371.
    9. Rodolfo Cermeño Bazán & María Roa García & Claudio González Vega, 2012. "Financial Development and Growth Volatility: Time Series Evidence for Mexico and The United States," Working papers DTE 544, CIDE, División de Economía.
    10. Chaipat Poonpatpibul & Surach Tanboon & Pornnapa Leelapornchai, 2006. "The Role of Financial Integration in East Asia in Promoting Regional Growth and Stability," Working Papers 2006-05, Monetary Policy Group, Bank of Thailand.

    More about this item


    Financial integration; International finance; Risk-sharing; Endogenous Growth; Stochastic Growth; global financial markets; financial markets; foreign assets; General Aggregative Models: Neoclassical; International Factor Movements and International Business: General; Financial Aspects of Economic Integration; Economic Growth of Open Economies; One; Two; and Multisector Growth Models;

    JEL classification:

    • E13 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Neoclassical
    • F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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