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The Composition of Capital Flows; Is South Africa Different?

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  • Norbert Funke
  • Faisal Ahmed
  • Rabah Arezki

Abstract

Over the past decade, South Africa has attracted relatively little foreign direct investment (FDI), but considerable amounts of portfolio inflows. In this context, the objective of the paper is twofold: to identify the determinants of the level and composition of capital flows to emerging markets and to draw policy conclusions for South Africa. We estimate a dynamic panel for up to 81 emerging markets using GMM (Generalized Method of Moments) techniques. The results suggest that further trade and capital control liberalization would increase the share of FDI. Additionally, a reduction in exchange rate volatility would affect the composition of capital flows in favor of FDI.

Suggested Citation

  • Norbert Funke & Faisal Ahmed & Rabah Arezki, 2005. "The Composition of Capital Flows; Is South Africa Different?," IMF Working Papers 05/40, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:05/40
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    Cited by:

    1. Gwenhamo, Farayi & Fedderke, Johannes W., 2013. "The composition of foreign capital stocks in South Africa: The role of institutions, domestic risk and neighbourhood effects," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 763-770.
    2. Tinashe Harry Dumile Kambadza & Zivanemoyo Chinzara, 2012. "Returns Correlation Structure and Volatility Spillovers Among the Major African Stock Markets," Working Papers 305, Economic Research Southern Africa.
    3. World Bank, "undated". "World Bank East Asia and Pacific Economic Update, April 2014 : Preserving Stability and Promoting Growth," World Bank Other Operational Studies 18378, The World Bank.
    4. Dondashe, Nandipha & Phiri, Andrew, 2018. "Determinants of FDI in South Africa: Do macroeconomic variables matter?," MPRA Paper 83636, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. William Gabriel Brafu-Insaidoo & Nicholas Biekpe, 2014. "Determinants of foreign capital flows: The experience of selected Sub-Saharan African countries," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 17, pages 63-88, May.
    6. Francesca Giubilo, 2010. "What Could be the Future of South Africa After National Elections on 22 April 2009?," Transition Studies Review, Springer;Central Eastern European University Network (CEEUN), vol. 16(4), pages 948-961, February.
    7. Logan Rangasamy, 2014. "Capital Flows: The South African Experience," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 82(4), pages 551-566, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign exchange; South Africa; Composition of capital flows; exchange rate volatility; financial development; fdi; capital flows; capital inflows; direct investment; foreign direct investment;

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