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Pakistan's Macroeconomic Adjustment and Resumption of Growth, 1999-2004

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  • International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The main findings are as follows: (1) an increase in private national saving during 2001-03 was the key contributor to the turnaround in Pakistan's external current account during this period; (2) while Pakistan's growth was mainly export-led before 2003-04, it was largely led by domestic demand in 2004, especially consumer demand but also private and public investment; and (3) the structural reforms implemented in Pakistan during the past four years should make the observed strengthening in domestic savings and rise in domestic investment permanent, auguring well for accelerated growth within a sustainable external balance. The country's growth prospects would be further enhanced by a more externally driven growth process, and by an acceleration of structural reforms to further improve productivity and the investment climate.

Suggested Citation

  • International Monetary Fund, 2005. "Pakistan's Macroeconomic Adjustment and Resumption of Growth, 1999-2004," IMF Working Papers 05/139, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:05/139
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    1. Zafar Iqbal & Ghulam Mustafa Zahid, 1998. "Macroeconomic Determinants of Economic Growth in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 37(2), pages 125-148.
    2. Robert J. Barro, 1991. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 407-443.
    3. Easterly, William, 1993. "How much do distortions affect growth?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 187-212, November.
    4. Khan, Mohsin S & Kumar, Manmohan S, 1997. "Public and Private Investment and the Growth Process in Developing Countries," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 59(1), pages 69-88, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Oliver Masakure & John Cranfield & Spencer Henson, 2009. "Factors affecting the incidence and intensity of standards certification evidence from exporting firms in Pakistan," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(8), pages 901-915.
    2. International Monetary Fund, 2005. "Pakistan; Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix," IMF Staff Country Reports 05/408, International Monetary Fund.

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