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Slovakia’s 2004 Tax and Welfare Reforms

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  • David Moore

Abstract

The paper reviews Slovakia's comprehensive reforms to its taxation and welfare systems in 2004, including the introduction of a flat-rate income tax and single-rate value-added tax (VAT), and linkage of social benefits to participation in labor market programs. Though revenues following the reform are lower as a ratio to GDP, the paper argues that the reforms have helped encourage investment and improved efficiency by broadening the tax base, reducing the administrative burden, and improving work incentives. The paper also looks at some implications of the reforms for income distribution and social protection.

Suggested Citation

  • David Moore, 2005. "Slovakia’s 2004 Tax and Welfare Reforms," IMF Working Papers 05/133, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:05/133
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michael Burda & Michael Funke, 1993. "German trade unions after unification — Third degree wage discriminating monopolists?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), pages 537-560.
    2. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    3. Nickell, Stephen & Nicolitsas, D., 1994. "Wages," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 51644, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    4. Bresson, G & Kramarz, F & Sevestre, P, 1992. "Heterogeneous Labor and the Dynamics of Aggregate Labor Demand: Some Estimations Using Panel Data," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 17(1), pages 153-168.
    5. Tinsley, P A, 1971. "A Variable Adjustment Model of Labor Demand," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 12(3), pages 482-510, October.
    6. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
    7. Colin Lawrence & Robert Z. Lawrence, 1985. "Manufacturing Wage Dispersion: An End Game Interpretation," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 16(1), pages 47-116.
    8. Anderson, T. W. & Hsiao, Cheng, 1982. "Formulation and estimation of dynamic models using panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 47-82, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Christian F. Pfeil & Lars P. Feld, 2016. "Does the Swiss Debt Brake Induce Sound Federal Finances? A Synthetic Control Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 6044, CESifo Group Munich.
    2. repec:kap:itaxpf:v:24:y:2017:i:6:d:10.1007_s10797-017-9446-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Michal Paleník, 2013. "GINI Country Report: The Czech Republic and Slovakia," Research Reports 7, Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI).
    4. Nikolay Galabov, 2012. "Tax Neutrality and Tax Expenses in the Practice of Bulgaria," Economic Thought journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 1, pages 83-104.
    5. repec:bas:econth:y:2013:i:2:p:3-26 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:bas:econth:y:2013:i:2:p:27-49 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fiscal policy; Slovak Republic; Welfare reform; tax reform; Slovakia; tax system; tax rates; taxation; tax burden; Subsidies; and Revenue: General; National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs;

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