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Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid

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  • Boriana Yontcheva
  • Nadia Masud

Abstract

This paper assesses the effectiveness of foreign aid in reducing poverty through its impact on human development indicators. We use a dataset of both bilateral aid and NGO aid flows. Our results show that NGO aid reduces infant mortality and does so more effectively than official bilateral aid. The impact on illiteracy is less significant. We also test whether foreign aid reduces government efforts in achieving developmental goals and find mixed evidence of a substitution effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Boriana Yontcheva & Nadia Masud, 2005. "Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid," IMF Working Papers 05/100, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:05/100
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    Keywords

    Bilateral aid; Foreign aid; Multilateral aid; Official Development Aid; NGOs; Panel Data Econometrics; infant mortality; mortality rates; aid effectiveness;

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