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Growth and Convergence in WAEMU Countries

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  • Abdoul A Wane

Abstract

This paper investigates convergence and dynamic effects of human and physical capital on growth, in WAEMU countries. Using recently developed models for panel data and a growth accounting model, the study finds that growth is largely explained by changes in literacy rates and factor accumulation, but not by growth of total factor productivity (TFP). Nevertheless, the panel estimation identifies aid, government spending, credit to the private sector, and openness as positive determinants of TFP growth, and government deficits as a negative determinant. The study also finds that per capita income in lower-income WAEMU countries converge to per capita income in higher-income ones when economic policies are similar. These results suggest opportunities for policymakers to enhance growth and convergence.

Suggested Citation

  • Abdoul A Wane, 2004. "Growth and Convergence in WAEMU Countries," IMF Working Papers 04/198, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:04/198
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:gen:geneem:12302 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Natalya Ketenci, 2015. "Economic growth and capital flow in European countries in pre and post-crisis periods," Cuadernos de Economía - Spanish Journal of Economics and Finance, ELSEVIER, vol. 38(108), pages 163-180, Septiembr.
    3. Stefan Sperlich & Yvonne Sperlich, 2012. "Growth and Convergence in South–South Integration Areas: Empirical Evidence," Research Papers by the Institute of Economics and Econometrics, Geneva School of Economics and Management, University of Geneva 12032, Institut d'Economie et Econométrie, Université de Genève.
    4. Próchniak, Mariusz & Witkowski, Bartosz, 2013. "Time stability of the beta convergence among EU countries: Bayesian model averaging perspective," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 322-333.

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