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Foreign Currency Deposits and International Liquidity Shortages in Pakistan

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  • Abbas Mirakhor
  • Iqbal Mehdi Zaidi

Abstract

This paper studies the implications of foreign currency deposits (FCDs) for international liquidity shortages in Pakistan. The analysis focuses on how the large volume of FCDs and the specific institutional characteristics of those deposits have made the Pakistan economy highly vulnerable to exogenous shocks. The analysis shows that FCDs created another channel for government borrowing, and fiscal sustainability in a "closed" system may be very different from sustainability in a more "open" system. There is a need to think of these issues in terms of total balance sheet vulnerability, and we recommend measures that would make domestic-currency-denominated assets attractive to investors.

Suggested Citation

  • Abbas Mirakhor & Iqbal Mehdi Zaidi, 2004. "Foreign Currency Deposits and International Liquidity Shortages in Pakistan," IMF Working Papers 04/167, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:04/167
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Irfan ul Haque, 2011. "The Capital Account and Pakistani Rupee Convertibility: Macroeconomic Policy Challenges," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 16(Special E), pages 95-121, September.
    2. Rubina Hassan, 2011. "The Reserve Equation and the Analytics of Pakistan’s Monetary Policy," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 16(1), pages 111-142, Jan-Jun.
    3. Iqbal M. Zaidi, 2006. "Exchange Rate Flexibility and the Monetary Policy Framework in Pakistan," SBP Research Bulletin, State Bank of Pakistan, Research Department, vol. 2, pages 115-140.
    4. M. Idrees Khawaja & Musleh-ud Din, 2007. "Instrument of Managing Exchange Market Pressure: Money Supply or Interest Rate," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 46(4), pages 381-394.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital account liberalization; Dollarization; Pakistan; International liquidity; Monetary policy; Financial Development; external borrowing; capital inflows; capital markets; international capital markets; Open Economy Macroeconomics;

    JEL classification:

    • E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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