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Multinational Affiliates and Local Financial Markets


  • Selin Sayek
  • Alexander Lehmann
  • Hyoung Goo Kang


We use data on the sources of debt finance of U.S. majority-owned foreign affiliates in 53 countries over the period 1983 to 2001 to examine the role of financial market development, and exposure to host country-specific risk on the financing choices of these affiliates. We find that total balance sheets are about four times as large as the cross-border component of foreign direct investment (FDI). The extent of financial leverage through local debt is positively related to host-country corporate tax rates, exchange rate variability, local currency-denominated sales, and financial development. Factors that further the role of local debt reduce that of parent company debt, and through this substitution overall leverage increases.

Suggested Citation

  • Selin Sayek & Alexander Lehmann & Hyoung Goo Kang, 2004. "Multinational Affiliates and Local Financial Markets," IMF Working Papers 04/107, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:04/107

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Spaseska Kitanovic, Violeta & Kozuharov, Saso, 2012. "The International Monetary Fond As A Creator Of The Global Financial System," UTMS Journal of Economics, University of Tourism and Management, Skopje, Macedonia, vol. 3(1), pages 83-90.
    2. Akbel, Basak & Schnitzer, Monika, 2011. "Creditor rights and debt allocation within multinationals," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 1367-1379, June.
    3. Desbordes, Rodolphe & Wei, Shang-Jin, 2017. "The effects of financial development on foreign direct investment," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 153-168.
    4. Yuko Hashimoto & K. M. Wacker, 2016. "The role of information for international capital flows: new evidence from the SDDS," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 152(3), pages 529-557, August.
    5. Christopher F. Baum & Madhavi Pundit & Arief Ramayandi, 2017. "Capital Flows and Financial Stability in Emerging Economies," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 936, Boston College Department of Economics.
    6. Shafik Hebous & Alfons J. Weichenrieder, 2009. "Debt Financing and Sharp Currency Depreciations: Wholly vs. Partially Owned Multinational Affiliates," CESifo Working Paper Series 2892, CESifo Group Munich.


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