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The Estonian Currency Board; Its Introduction and Role in the Early Success of Estonia's Transition to a Market Economy

Author

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  • Andres Sutt
  • Basil B. Zavoiceo
  • Adalbert Knöbl

Abstract

This paper reviews the history of the introduction of the Estonian kroon under a currency board arrangement. On June 20, 1992, Estonia became the first country from the former Soviet Union to abandon the Russian ruble and introduce its own currency. The paper looks at the factors behind this decision and discusses the implementation of the currency reform. It then assesses the economic impact of the reform and also compares Estonia's experience with that of its Baltic neighbors. It concludes that although the currency board arrangement made an important contribution to the early success of Estonia's economic stabilization and reform program, the underlying financial and structural policies were crucial for that success.

Suggested Citation

  • Andres Sutt & Basil B. Zavoiceo & Adalbert Knöbl, 2002. "The Estonian Currency Board; Its Introduction and Role in the Early Success of Estonia's Transition to a Market Economy," IMF Working Papers 02/96, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:02/96
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    File URL: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.aspx?sk=15845
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michael Marrese & Mark Scott Lutz & Tapio Saavalainen & Vincent Koen & Biswajit Banerjee & Thomas Krueger, 1995. "Road Maps of the Transition; The Baltics, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Russia," IMF Occasional Papers 127, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dorothee Bohle, 2014. "Post-socialist housing meets transnational finance: Foreign banks, mortgage lending, and the privatization of welfare in Hungary and Estonia," Review of International Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 913-948, August.
    2. Dalia Grigonyté, 2003. "Impact of Currency Boards on Fiscal Policy in Central and Eastern European Countries," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 36(2), pages 111-133, June.
    3. Masso, Jaan & Staehr, Karsten, 2005. "Inflation dynamics and nominal adjustment in the Baltic States," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 281-303, June.
    4. Bernadeta Baran, 2014. "Budgetary Discipline And Internal Devaluation – Estonian Method To Overcome The Crisis," Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, Institute of Economic Research, vol. 9(2), pages 9-23, June.

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