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The Role of Human Capital in Economic Growth; The Case of Spain

Author

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  • Paolo Mauro
  • Enric Fernandez

Abstract

This study constructs an index of human capital for the Spanish labor force over the past two decades and projects it over the next decade on the basis of likely demographic developments. The methodology considers both educational attainment resulting from formal schooling and improvements in workers’ productivity resulting from experience, or “learning by doing.” Furthermore, it allows for the fact that people with higher education accumulate human capital through learning by doing at a faster pace than less educated workers or, in other words, that the full returns to formal schooling are realized with a lag of many years. Using this index, a growth accounting exercise is conducted to estimate the impact of human capital accumulation on economic growth over the past two decades. Finally, potential output growth is projected over the next few years, taking into account the impact of human capital accumulation.

Suggested Citation

  • Paolo Mauro & Enric Fernandez, 2000. "The Role of Human Capital in Economic Growth; The Case of Spain," IMF Working Papers 00/8, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:00/8
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    Cited by:

    1. Miguel Viegas & Ana Ribeiro, 2015. "Welfare and inequality effects of debt consolidation processes: the case of Spain, 1996–2007," SERIEs: Journal of the Spanish Economic Association, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 6(4), pages 479-496, November.
    2. Alireza Poorfaraj & Hadi Keshavarz, 2011. "Knowledge and Economic Growth: Evidence from Some Developing Countries," Journal of Education and Vocational Research, AMH International, vol. 1(1), pages 21-25.
    3. Crafts, Nicholas & Kaiser, Kai, 2004. "Long-term growth prospects in transition economies: a reappraisal," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 101-118, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Spain; Human capital; economic growth; educational attainment; primary education; primary school; formal schooling;

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