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Demographic Transition in the Middle East; Implications for Growth, Employment, and Housing

Author

Listed:
  • Rina Bhattacharya
  • Tarik Yousef
  • Pierre Dhonte

Abstract

The working age population is expected to grow faster in the Middle East than in any other region in the world between now and 2015—rising annually by 2.7 percent, or 10 million people. This demographic explosion presents the region with a major challenge in terms of providing jobs, incomes, and housing for the growing population, but the expanding labor force can also be seen as an opportunity to generate higher per capita income growth on a sustainable basis. The paper concludes by emphasizing the importance of market-friendly institutions in turning the challenge into opportunity.

Suggested Citation

  • Rina Bhattacharya & Tarik Yousef & Pierre Dhonte, 2000. "Demographic Transition in the Middle East; Implications for Growth, Employment, and Housing," IMF Working Papers 00/41, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:00/41
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:wsi:medjxx:v:04:y:2012:i:01:n:s1793812012300017 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Tosun Mehmet S, 2005. "The Tax Structure and Trade Liberalization of the Middle East and North Africa Region," Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, De Gruyter, vol. 3(1), pages 20-37, April.
    3. Mahmud, Hassan, 2008. "Why has Growth slowed in Sub-Saharan Africa: A System GMM-IV Approach," MPRA Paper 25910, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Balázs Egert, 2007. "Real Convergence, Price Level Convergence and Inflation Differentials in Europe," CESifo Working Paper Series 2127, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. David Robalino, 2005. "Pensions in the Middle East and North Africa: Time for Change," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7427.
    6. Francesca Marchetta, 2012. "The Impact Of Migration On The Labor Markets In The Arab Mediterranean Countries," Middle East Development Journal (MEDJ), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 4(01), pages 1-47.
    7. Mehmet Tosun, 2006. "Explaining the Variation in Tax Structures in the MENA Region," Working Papers 06-018, University of Nevada, Reno, Department of Economics;University of Nevada, Reno , Department of Resource Economics.
    8. Hajamini, Mehdi, 2015. "The non-linear effect of population growth and linear effect of age structure on per capita income: A threshold dynamic panel structural model," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 43-58.
    9. Erbas, S. Nuri & Nothaft, Frank E., 2005. "Mortgage markets in Middle East and North African countries: Market development, poverty reduction, and growth," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 212-241, September.
    10. Graham Bird, 2004. "Growth, poverty and the IMF," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(4), pages 621-636.
    11. Ibrahim A. Elbadawi, "undated". "Reviving Growth in the Arab World," API-Working Paper Series 0206, Arab Planning Institute - Kuwait, Information Center.
    12. repec:onb:oenbwp:y::i:138:b:1 is not listed on IDEAS

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