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The Disappearing Tax Base; Is Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Eroding Corporate Income Taxes?

Author

Listed:
  • Reint Gropp
  • Kristina Kostial

Abstract

This paper analyzes the link between FDI, corporate taxation, and corporate tax revenues. We find strong evidence that FDI in (out) flows are affected by tax regimes in the host (home) countries and FDI flows in turn affect the corporate tax base. Simulations of European Union (EU) harmonization (isolating the revenue effect of FDI on the tax base from direct effects through the rate harmonization) suggest that high (low) tax countries would gain (lose) revenue from harmonization; these effects may be substantial. Our results also suggest that EU tax harmonization would significantly affect the net FDI position of some countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Reint Gropp & Kristina Kostial, 2000. "The Disappearing Tax Base; Is Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Eroding Corporate Income Taxes?," IMF Working Papers 00/173, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:00/173
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    Cited by:

    1. Květa Kubátová & Lucie Říhová, 2009. "Regresní analýza faktorů ovlivňujících výnosy korporativní daně v zemích OECD
      [Regression analysis of factors influencing corporate tax revenues in OECD countries]
      ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2009(4), pages 451-470.
    2. Agnès Bénassy-Quéré & Lionel Fontagné & Amina Lahreche-Révil, 2005. "How Does FDI React to Corporate Taxation?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00270515, HAL.
    3. Kenneth Stewart & Michael Webb, 2006. "International competition in corporate taxation: evidence from the OECD time series," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 21(45), pages 153-201, January.
    4. Assaf Razin & Efraim Sadka, 2007. "Productivity and Taxes as Drivers of FDI," NBER Working Papers 13094, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Piotr Ciżkowicz & Andrzej Rzońca, 2011. "Mechanizmy oddziaływania deficytu fiskalnego na wzrost gospodarki," Gospodarka Narodowa, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 10, pages 1-20.
    6. Frank Barry and Rosemary Healy-Rae, 2008. "FDI Implications of Recent European Court of Justice Decision on Corporation Tax Matters," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp270, IIIS.
    7. Barry, Frank, 2005. "FDI, transfer pricing and the measurement of R&D intensity," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 673-681, June.
    8. Feld, Lars P. & Ruf, Martin & Scheuering, Uwe & Schreiber, Ulrich & Voget, Johannes, 2013. "Effects of territorial and worldwide corporation tax systems on outbound M&As," Freiburg Discussion Papers on Constitutional Economics 13/11, Walter Eucken Institut e.V..
    9. Lars P. Feld & Martin Ruf & Uwe Scheuering & Ulrich Schreiber & Johannes Voget, 2013. "Effects of Territorial and Worldwide Corporation Tax Systems on Outbound M&As," CESifo Working Paper Series 4455, CESifo Group Munich.
    10. Görg, Holger & Molana, Hassan & Montagna, Catia, 2009. "Foreign direct investment, tax competition and social expenditure," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 31-37, January.
    11. Feld, Lars P. & Ruf, Martin & Scheuering, Uwe & Schreiber, Ulrich & Voget, Johannes, 2016. "Repatriation taxes and outbound M&As," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 139(C), pages 13-27.
    12. Roberta De Santis & Maria Cristina Mercuri & Claudio Vicarelli, 2001. "Taxes and Location of Foreign Direct Investments: an Empirical Analysys for the European Union Countries," ISAE Working Papers 24, ISTAT - Italian National Institute of Statistics - (Rome, ITALY).
    13. Crafts, Nicholas, 2008. "The Celtic Tiger In Historical And International Perspective," Economic Research Papers 269878, University of Warwick - Department of Economics.
    14. Elias Steinmüller & Georg U. Thunecke & Georg Wamser, 2019. "Corporate income taxes around the world: a survey on forward-looking tax measures and two applications," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 26(2), pages 418-456, April.
    15. Urooj Khan & Suresh Nallareddy & Ethan Rouen, 2017. "The Role of Taxes in the Disconnect between Corporate Performance and Economic Growth," Harvard Business School Working Papers 18-006, Harvard Business School.
    16. Agnès Bénassy-Quéré & Lionel Fontagné & Amina Lahrèche-Révil, 2005. "How Does FDI React to Corporate Taxation?," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 12(5), pages 583-603, September.
    17. Yaya Keho, 2015. "Is Foreign Direct Investment Good or Bad for the Environment? Times Series Evidence from ECOWAS Countries," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 35(3), pages 1916-1927.
    18. Alena Andrejovska, 2019. "Effective Tax Rate in the Context of the Economic Determinants," Montenegrin Journal of Economics, Economic Laboratory for Transition Research (ELIT), vol. 15(2), pages 31-40.
    19. Kimberly Clausing, 2007. "Corporate tax revenues in OECD countries," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 14(2), pages 115-133, April.
    20. Peter J. Mullins, 2006. "Moving to Territoriality? Implications for the United States and the Rest of the World," IMF Working Papers 06/161, International Monetary Fund.
    21. Hale Akbulut & Ahmet Burcin Yereli, 2017. "FDI and Indirect Taxes - Sector Approach: The Case of Turkey," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 7(5), pages 112-118.
    22. Kottaridi, Constantina & Giakoulas, Dimitris & Manolopoulos, Dimitris, 2019. "Escapism FDI from developed economies: The role of regulatory context and corporate taxation," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 36-47.
    23. Lukáš Frýd, 2017. "Alternativní stanovení jednotné sazby korporátní daně ve vybraných zemích EU pomocí analýzy obalu dat
      [Alternative Determination of a Corporate Tax Rate in Selected EU Countries by Using Data Envel
      ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2017(6), pages 751-771.
    24. Paulo Jorge Varela Lopes Dias & Pedro Miguel Gomes Reis, 2018. "The relationship between the effective tax rate and the nominal rate," Contaduría y Administración, Accounting and Management, vol. 63(2), pages 23-24, Junio.

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