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Real Effective Exchange Rate and the Constant Elasticity of Substitution Assumption

  • Antonio Spilimbergo
  • Athanasios Vamvakidis

The real effective exchange rate is an aggregation of several bilateral real exchange rates with respect to other countries. The aggregation is usually done under the assumption of constant elasticity of substitution (CES) between products from different countries. We investigate the validity of this assumption by estimating manufacturing export equations for 56 countries over 26 years. We find that the hypothesis of CES is rejected and that the export equations that contain two real effective exchange rates (one in relation to OECD countries and one in relation to non-OECD countries) perform on average considerably better than the traditional ones.

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Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 00/128.

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Length: 29
Date of creation: 01 Jul 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:00/128
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  1. Peter Pedroni, 2000. "Fully Modified OLS for Heterogeneous Cointegrated Panels," Department of Economics Working Papers 2000-03, Department of Economics, Williams College.
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  8. Bruce A. Blonigen & Wesley W. Wilson, 1999. "Explaining Armington: What Determines Substitutability Between Home and Foreign Goods?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 32(1), pages 1-21, February.
  9. Pedroni, Peter, 1999. " Critical Values for Cointegration Tests in Heterogeneous Panels with Multiple Regressors," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(0), pages 653-70, Special I.
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  14. Riedel, James, 1989. "The Demand for LDC Exports of Manufactures: Estimates from Hong Kong: A Rejoinder," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(396), pages 467-70, June.
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