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France, Germany, Italy, and Spain; Explaining Differences in External Sector Performance Among Large Euro Area Countries


  • International Monetary Fund


This cross-country paper explains differences in external sector performance among four large euro area countries—France, Germany, Italy, and Spain. The paper discusses that during 2001–04, the performance of the external sector differed markedly among these four largest euro area countries. The study presented in this paper describes the evolution of the traditional determinants of exports and imports—domestic and foreign demand and cost and price competitiveness—and econometrically assesses their contributions to the evolution of trade volumes during the period mentioned.

Suggested Citation

  • International Monetary Fund, 2005. "France, Germany, Italy, and Spain; Explaining Differences in External Sector Performance Among Large Euro Area Countries," IMF Staff Country Reports 05/401, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfscr:05/401

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hamid Faruqee, 2004. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through in the Euro Area; The Role of Asymmetric Pricing Behavior," IMF Working Papers 04/14, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Ana Buisán & Esther Gordo, 1997. "El sector exterior en España," Estudios Económicos, Banco de España;Estudios Económicos Homepage, number 60.
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    Cited by:

    1. THORBECKE, Willem & KATO Atsuyuki, 2012. "The Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Germany's Exports," Discussion papers 12081, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).


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