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Fixed or Flexible? Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s

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  • Jahangir Aziz
  • Francesco Caramazza

Abstract

This paper examines the recent evolution of exchange rate policies in the developing world. It looks at why so many countries have made a transition from fixed or "pegged" exchange rates to "managed floating" currencies. It discusses how economics perform under different exchange rate arrangements, issues in the choice of regime, and the challenges poised by a world or increasing capital mobility, especially when banking sectors are inadequately regulated or supervised.

Suggested Citation

  • Jahangir Aziz & Francesco Caramazza, 1998. "Fixed or Flexible? Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s," IMF Economic Issues 13, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfeci:13
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    Cited by:

    1. Sun, Huayu & Ma, Yue, 2005. "Policy strategies to deal with revaluation pressures on the renminbi," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 103-117.
    2. Marjan Petreski, 2008. "To Fix Or To Float From Perspective Of Output Volatility And Vulnerability To Crisis," Journal Articles, Center For Economic Analyses, pages 9-24, June.
    3. Fernando Ferrari-Filho & Luiz Fernando De Paula, 2008. "Exchange rate regime proposal for emerging countries: a Keynesian perspective," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(2), pages 227-248, December.
    4. Marinheiro, Carlos Fonseca, 2008. "Ricardian equivalence, twin deficits, and the Feldstein-Horioka puzzle in Egypt," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 1041-1056.
    5. Shalendra Sharma, 2001. "Exchange rate regimes in post-crisis Asia: What explains the “hollowing of the middle”," Global Economic Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(4), pages 3-21.
    6. Hielscher, Kai & Markwardt, Gunther, 2012. "The role of political institutions for the effectiveness of central bank independence," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 286-301.
    7. Giancarlo Marini & Giovanni Piersanti, 2012. "Models of Speculative Attacks and Crashes in International Capital Markets," CEIS Research Paper 245, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 24 Jul 2012.
    8. Benassy-Quere, Agnes & Coeure, Benoit & Mignon, Valerie, 2006. "On the identification of de facto currency pegs," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 112-127, March.
    9. Fernando Ferrari Filho & Luiz Fernando de Paula, 2008. "Exchange Rate Policy and Capital Flows in Emerging Economies: a proposal based on Keynes’ ideas and keynesian approach," Anais do XXXVI Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 36th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 200806251450360, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    10. Mashkoor, Asim & Ahmed, Ovais & Herani, Dr. Gobin, 2015. "The relationship between Foreign Currency trading and Economic Development: A case Study of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 64482, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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