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Dollarization in Sub-Saharan Africa; Experiences and Lessons


  • Mauro Mecagni
  • Juan S Corrales
  • Jemma Dridi
  • Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu
  • Patrick A. Imam
  • Justin Matz
  • Carla Macario
  • Rodolfo Maino
  • Yibin Mu
  • Ashwin Moheeput
  • Futoshi Narita
  • Marco Pani
  • Manuel Rosales Torres
  • Sebastian Weber
  • Etienne B Yehoue


Dollarization—the use of foreign currencies as a medium of exchange, store of value, or unit of account—is a notable feature of financial development under macroeconomically fragile conditions. It has emerged as a key factor explaining vulnerabilities and currency crises, which have long been observed in Latin America, parts of Asia, and Eastern Europe. Dollarization is also present, prominently, in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where it remains significant and persistent at over 30 percent rates for both bank loans and deposits—although it has not increased significantly since 2001. However, progress in reducing dollarization has lagged behind other regions and, in this regard, it is legitimate to ask whether this phenomenon is an important concern in SSA. This study fills a gap in the literature by analyzing these issues with specific reference to the SSA region on the basis of the evidence for the past decade.

Suggested Citation

  • Mauro Mecagni & Juan S Corrales & Jemma Dridi & Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu & Patrick A. Imam & Justin Matz & Carla Macario & Rodolfo Maino & Yibin Mu & Ashwin Moheeput & Futoshi Narita & Marco Pani & Manuel, 2015. "Dollarization in Sub-Saharan Africa; Experiences and Lessons," IMF Departmental Papers / Policy Papers 15/05, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfdep:15/05

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrii Kaminskyi & Nataliia Versal, 2018. "Risk Management of Dollarization in Banking: Case of Post-Soviet Countries," Montenegrin Journal of Economics, Economic Laboratory for Transition Research (ELIT), vol. 14(2), pages 21-40.


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