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The twin internationalisation strategies of U.S. carmakers: GM and Ford


  • Gérard Bordenave (IFReDE-E3i)
  • Yannick Lung (IFReDE-E3i)


The paper analyses Ford and GM\'s globalisation strategies. He discusses the convergence regarding the integration of European and North-American activities, as well as in the changing economical and geographical firms\' boundaries. This paper is part of the GERPISA research programme \"Internationalisation of the auto industry: between globalisation and regionalisation\"

Suggested Citation

  • Gérard Bordenave (IFReDE-E3i) & Yannick Lung (IFReDE-E3i), 2002. "The twin internationalisation strategies of U.S. carmakers: GM and Ford," Working Papers 2002-1, Equipe Industries Innovation Institutions, Université Bordeaux IV, France.
  • Handle: RePEc:iii:wpeiii:2002-1

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Winter, Sidney G., 1984. "Schumpeterian competition in alternative technological regimes," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 5(3-4), pages 287-320.
    2. Kwasnicki, Witold & Kwasnicka, Halina, 1992. "Market, innovation, competition: An evolutionary model of industrial dynamics," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 343-368, December.
    3. Gérard Ballot & Erol Taymaz, 1999. "Technological Change, Learning and Macro-Economic Coordination: an Evolutionary Model," Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, vol. 2(2), pages 1-3.
    4. Kwasnicki, Witold, 1998. "Skewed distributions of firm sizes--an evolutionary perspective," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 135-158, March.
    5. G. Silverberg & B. Verspagen, 1995. "Evolutionary Theorizing on Economic Growth," Working Papers wp95078, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
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    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L62 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Automobiles; Other Transportation Equipment; Related Parts and Equipment
    • N80 - Economic History - - Micro-Business History - - - General, International, or Comparative

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    1. Studies on the automobile industry


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