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Portabilidad del capital humano y asimilación de los inmigrantes. Evidencia para España


  • Esteve Sanromà

    () (Universitat de Barcelona & IEB)

  • Raul Ramos

    () (Universitat de Barcelona & AQR-IREA)

  • Hipólito Simón

    () (Universidad de Alicante & IEI)


La literatura sobre asimilación de los inmigrantes ha destacado la portabilidad imperfecta del capital humano. Recientemente, una serie de trabajos han abordado este tema desde la perspectiva de la sobreeducación. Enmarcado en esta literatura, el presente trabajo analiza la portabilidad del capital humano de los inmigrantes al mercado de trabajo español. Los resultados obtenidos señalan un distinto grado de transferibilidad del capital humano según origen geográfico, siendo superior la del capital humano acumulado en países de elevado desarrollo o de cultura e idioma próximos y menor la del procedente de países en desarrollo y culturas distantes. La evidencia es relativamente dispar para ambos componentes del capital humano: mientras que ello es especialmente claro para los estudios, resulta menos evidente para la experiencia. Se confirma, asimismo, para el caso español que los inmigrantes padecen una mayor sobreeducación, tanto en incidencia como en intensidad, y que ello implica una mayor penalización salarial relativa, con resultados siempre peores para inmigrantes del segundo grupo de países. A medida que los inmigrantes prolongan su estancia en España existe un proceso de asimilación, excepto para asiáticos y en algunas especificaciones tampoco para los procedentes del África subsahariana, si bien la velocidad de asimilación es notablemente lenta.

Suggested Citation

  • Esteve Sanromà & Raul Ramos & Hipólito Simón, 2008. "Portabilidad del capital humano y asimilación de los inmigrantes. Evidencia para España," Working Papers 2008/7, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  • Handle: RePEc:ieb:wpaper:2009/3/doc2008-7

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    Cited by:

    1. Isabel Neira-Gómez & Nélida Porto-Serantes & Nélida Lamelas-Castellanos & Almudena Filgueira-Vizoso (ed.), 2008. "Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación," E-books Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, Asociación de Economía de la Educación, edition 1, volume 3, number 03, Winter.

    More about this item


    Inmigración; sobreeducación; salarios; asimilación.;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity


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