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Générations sacrifiées : le bilan démographique de la Grande Guerre

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  • François Héran

    (Ined)

Abstract

À l’issue de la Grande Guerre, la génération des hommes née en 1894, ou « classe 1914 », était âgée de 25 ans. Elle avait perdu la moitié de ses effectifs, sous l’effet de deux hécatombes de même ampleur : la mortalité infantile et juvénile d’abord, la mortalité de guerre ensuite. Son espérance de vie, déjà très basse en temps de paix (48 ans), fut écourtée de 11 ans. Les pertes des autres générations se répartirent selon l’âge à la mobilisation et la durée d’exposition. Le conflit laissa un demi-million de jeunes veuves de guerre (moins de 45 ans), avec un million d’orphelins. Plus d’un million de naissances ne furent jamais rattrapées, si bien que la France devint en 1939 le pays le plus âgé au monde, avant que le baby-boom ne change la donne.

Suggested Citation

  • François Héran, 2014. "Générations sacrifiées : le bilan démographique de la Grande Guerre," Population et Sociétés 510, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
  • Handle: RePEc:idg:posocf:510
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    File URL: http://www.ined.fr/fr/ressources_documentation/publications/pop_soc/bdd/publication/1680/
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