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From Europe to Africa: Return migration to Senegal and the DRC


  • Marie-Laurence Flahaux
  • Cris Beauchemin
  • Bruno Schoumaker


The MAFE surveys (Migrations between Africa and Europe) reveal a downtrend in return migrations, notably among migrants from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo). A large majority of returns are spontaneous, rather than forced or encouraged by the host country. Only 16% of Senegalese migrants and 15% of Congolese reported returning home because of difficulties in Europe, including “problems with residence status”. Decisions to return home are strongly dependent on the prospects of reintegration in the home country. Moreover, the barriers to immigration set in place by European countries tend to lower migrants’ propensity to return home.

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  • Marie-Laurence Flahaux & Cris Beauchemin & Bruno Schoumaker, 2014. "From Europe to Africa: Return migration to Senegal and the DRC," Population and Societies 515, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
  • Handle: RePEc:idg:posoce:515

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