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2011 Census of India: a population increase of 181 million in the last ten years

  • Jacques Véron
  • Aswini K.Nanda
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    The initial findings of the 2011 census of India, whose content, organization and data processing methods have been updated since the previous census, suggest that population growth has slowed since 2001 (mean annual growth of 1.64% versus 1.97% between 1991 and 2001) and that literacy has increased (from 65% in 2001 to 74% in 2011). But numerous disparities still exist, notably in fertility rates and infant mortality, but also in population densities, which are increasing on the fertile plains along the Ganges and in the megacities of Dehli and Kolkota (Calcutta). Discrimination against girls has decreased in states where it was most pronounced, but has become more severe elsewhere. Although the Indian population is well advanced in the demographic transition, its population will continue to grow over the next fifty years.

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    Paper provided by Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED) in its series Population and Societies with number 478.

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    Date of creation: May 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:idg:posoce:478
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