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France 2008: why are birth numbers still rising?


  • Gilles Pison


Fertility is measured by the total fertility rate. To calculate this rate, births occurring during the year are classified by the age of the mother to determine the mean number of children born to women of each age over the year. This is often expressed as a rate per 100 women of that age. These age-specific rates for ages 15 to 50 are then summed to obtain an aggregate fertility rate for the 35 different cohorts observed in the year in question. This total fertility rate indicates the total number of children that a group of women would have if they were to experience the fertility rates of the period at each age. This fictional group of women is a synthetic cohort that does not correspond to any cohort of real women. But their total number of chil-dren summarizes the fertility rate of all the women in the country in that year. It is a measure that can be used to compare fertility rates in different populations and to mon-itor changes from year to year.For more information, see the Measuring fertility anima-tion on the INED website (, "All about population").

Suggested Citation

  • Gilles Pison, 2009. "France 2008: why are birth numbers still rising?," Population and Societies 454, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
  • Handle: RePEc:idg:posoce:454

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    Cited by:

    1. Angela Luci & Olivier Thévenon, 2011. "Does economic development explain the fertility rebound in OECD countries?," Population and Societies 481, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
    2. Gilles Pison, 2011. "Two children per woman in France in 2010: Is French fertility immune to economic crisis?," Population and Societies 476, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
    3. Alberto Cazzola & Lucia Pasquini & Aurora Angeli, 2016. "The relationship between unemployment and fertility in Italy," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 34(1), pages 1-38, January.

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