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Family policies in developed countries: contrasting models

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  • Olivier Thévenon

Abstract

Most developed countries are introducing a system of support for families or expanding their existing one. Investment by OECD countries in family support rose from 1.6% of GDP on average in 1980 to 2.4% in 2003. One of the aims of family policies is to increase fertility while raising wom-en's workforce participation. The amount invested and the forms of family support vary considerably between countries. The main differences concern parental leave and childcare services for working parents of children aged under three. The northern European countries are the most generous, both in terms of childcare support and total investment. The Anglo-Saxon countries tend to tar-get their investment on preschool-age children (3-6 years) and low-income families. France stands out with relatively high and diversified forms of support for families, but which offer contrasting incentives in terms of the work-family balance: French policies tend to encourage women to remain in full-time work when they have one child, but to leave the workforce or reduce their working hours when their family size increases.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier Thévenon, 2008. "Family policies in developed countries: contrasting models," Population and Societies 448, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
  • Handle: RePEc:idg:posoce:448
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    Cited by:

    1. Olivier Thévenon, 2008. "Politiques de Conciliation du Travail et de la Vie Familiale en Europe :Quelle(s) Complémentarité(s) des Aides Publiques et d'Entreprises ?," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 51(2/3), pages 365-385.
    2. Gilles Pison & Christiaan Monden & Jeroen Smits, 2014. "Is the twin-boom in developed countries coming to an end?," Working Papers 216, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).

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