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Land tenure and productivity: Farm level evidence from Papua New Guinea

  • Satish Chand
  • Charles Yala

Does land tenure form affect farm level productivity? The answer, from farm level data for oil palm from the Hoskins project in West New Britain province of Papua New Guinea, is in the affirmative. Analysis of farm level output, controlling for all measured inputs, shows systematic differences in productivity across three land tenure types; namely, farms under customary purchase agreements (CP), those under the land settlement scheme (LSS), and those under village owned land schemes (VOP). The evidence is that productivity is higher under the CP and LSS schemes compared to the VOP arrangement. The empirics suggests that the higher productivity is due to benefits from economies of scale enjoyed by farms with improved tenure security and from the absence of sharing of income and harvesting effort that is present on farms with insecure tenure.

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File URL: https://crawford.anu.edu.au/degrees/idec/working_papers/IDEC08-02.pdf
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Paper provided by International and Development Economics in its series International and Development Economics Working Papers with number idec08-02.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:idc:wpaper:idec08-02
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  1. Gavian, Sarah & Ehui, Simeon, 1999. "Measuring the production efficiency of alternative land tenure contracts in a mixed crop-livestock system in Ethiopia," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 20(1), January.
  2. Michael R. Carter & Pedro Olinto, 2003. "Getting Institutions “Right” for Whom? Credit Constraints and the Impact of Property Rights on the Quantity and Composition of Investment," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 85(1), pages 173-186.
  3. Myyra, Sami & Pietola, Kyosti & Yli-Halla, Markku, 2007. "Exploring long-term land improvements under land tenure insecurity," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 92(1-3), pages 63-75, January.
  4. Gavian, Sarah & Ehui, Simeon, 1999. "Measuring the production efficiency of alternative land tenure contracts in a mixed crop-livestock system in Ethiopia," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 20(1), pages 37-49, January.
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