IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Inequidad en los aprendizajes escolares en América Latina: análisis multinivel del SERCE según la condición socioeconómica de los estudiantes

  • Jesús Duarte
  • María Soledad Bos
  • Martín Moreno
Registered author(s):

    En este documento se analizan las diferencias en los aprendizajes de los estudiantes latinoamericanos a partir de las condiciones socioeconómicas de sus familias. Utilizando la base de datos del Segundo Estudio Regional Comparativo y Explicativo (SERCE) realizado en 2006, se confirma que existe una relación positiva y significativa entre la condición socioeconómica de los estudiantes y los resultados en el SERCE, tanto para la región en general como para cada país participante en particular. Si esta relación se descompone en dos niveles --dentro de las escuelas y entre escuelas--, se observa que la condición socioeconómica explica una parte significativa de la variabilidad de los puntajes de la prueba entre las escuelas y una parte mucho menor de la variabilidad dentro de cada escuela. Esta situación es producto de una alta segregación socioeconómica entre las escuelas que acentúa la relación entre la condición socioeconómica de los estudiantes y los resultados de la prueba. Los estudiantes más pobres son penalizados, primero por su condición socioeconómica, y luego por estudiar en escuelas a las que asisten mayoritariamente familias pobres, lo cual profundiza la inequidad en los aprendizajes. Los hallazgos sugieren varios cursos de acción para la política pública, ajustados a los perfiles de equidad educativa de cada país.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Our checks indicate that this address may not be valid because: 500 Internal Server Error ( [301 Moved Permanently]--> [301 Moved Permanently]--> [302 Found]--> [301 Moved Permanently]--> If this is indeed the case, please notify (Monica Bazan)

    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank in its series IDB Publications (Working Papers) with number 9336.

    in new window

    Date of creation: May 2010
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:9336
    Contact details of provider: Postal: 1300 New York Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20577
    Phone: 202-623-1000
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    as in new window
    1. Dougal Hutchison, 2007. "When is a Compositional Effect not a Compositional Effect?," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 41(2), pages 219-232, April.
    2. Michael A. Boozer & Stephen E. Cacciola, 2001. "Inside the 'Black Box' of Project STAR: Estimation of Peer Effects Using Experimental Data," Working Papers 832, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:9336. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Monica Bazan)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.