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Análisis Comparativo de Sistemas de Monitoreo y Evaluación: El Caso de Nicaragua

  • Carlos Lacayo
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    Este documento fue comisionado por la Red de Reducción de la Pobreza y Protección Social del Diálogo Regional de Política para la VII Reunión Hemisférica celebrada los días 11 y 12 de noviembre de 2004. Nicaragua elaboró una propuesta de Política Nacional de Protección Social-PNPS (Gobierno de Nicaragua, 2003a) y su estrategia de operacionalización es conocida como OPNPS (Gobierno de Nicaragua, 2003b). El objetivo general de ésta política es "contribuir a la inclusión social de las personas, hogares y comunidades en condición de vulnerabilidad para que participen de forma sostenible, de los beneficios del desarrollo "(Gobierno de Nicaragua, 2003a). Se pretende: fortalecer el capital humano, económico, productivo y social de los grupos vulnerables a través de la generación de empleo y de un acceso oportuno, subsidiado y con calidad aceptable a un nivel mínimo de servicios públicos sociales para una vida digna; incrementar la eficiencia, eficacia y el manejo transparente de programas y acciones de protección social a través de una doble focalización de las inversiones según vulnerabilidad y dinamismo económico (alto, mediano, bajo) y área geográfica3, promoviendo un proceso de fortalecimiento de la familia (la mujer como pilar fundamental) y de descentralización con participación; conformar una red de programas flexibles que garantice la coordinación y articulación de la demanda local, así como la oferta sectorial y la complementariedad de acciones; y reducir el número de poblaciones afectadas por desastres naturales y crisis socioeconómicas y/o mitigar sus efectos.

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    Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank in its series IDB Publications (Working Papers) with number 8841.

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    Date of creation: Nov 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:8841
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    1. Adelman, Irma, 1975. "Development Economics-A Reassessment of Goals," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 65(2), pages 302-09, May.
    2. Brian Barry, 1998. "Social Exclusion, Social Isolation and the Distribution of Income," CASE Papers case12, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.
    3. Richard Miller Bird, 1999. "Rethinking Subnational Taxes; A New Look At Tax Assignment," IMF Working Papers 99/165, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Chichilnisky, Graciela, 1980. "Basic needs and global models: resources, trade and distribution," MPRA Paper 8023, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Nee, Victor, 1998. "Norms and Networks in Economic and Organizational Performance," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 85-89, May.
    6. Sudhir Anand & Martin Ravallion, 1993. "Human Development in Poor Countries: On the Role of Private Incomes and Public Services," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 7(1), pages 133-150, Winter.
    7. Streeten, Paul & Burki, Shahid Javed, 1978. "Basic needs: Some issues," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 411-421, March.
    8. Sen, Amartya, 1983. "Poor, Relatively Speaking," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 35(2), pages 153-69, July.
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