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Las mujeres en el mercado laboral de América Latina y el Caribe en los años 90: Una década extraordinaria

Listed author(s):
  • Suzanne Duryea
  • Alejandra Cox Edwards
  • Manuelita Ureta

En el presente documento se ilustran los diferentes patrones de participación de la mujer en el mercado laboral en países de América Latina y el Caribe (ALC), y se investigan los factores determinantes subyacentes de los diferentes patrones. Las autoras examinen los niveles y tendencias en los resultados de los mercados laborales para las mujeres en la década del noventa utilizando encuestas de hogares de 18 países de América Latina, los cuales cubren varios años por país. Los resultados que se analizan incluyen tasas de participación en la fuerza de trabajo, distribución del empleo de las mujeres en sectores de la economía (formal e informal) e ingresos. Todos estos resultados sugieren un grado considerable de cambio en la función de las mujeres en los hogares y en el mercado laboral. Se llega a la conclusión de que el cuadro macroeconómico de estancamiento para ALC en los años noventa oculta acontecimientos no triviales en la división del trabajo y la asignación del tiempo por razón de género.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank in its series IDB Publications (Working Papers) with number 53118.

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Date of creation: Jul 2002
Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:53118
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  1. David Lam & Suzanne Duryea, 1999. "Effects of Schooling on Fertility, Labor Supply, and Investments in Children, with Evidence from Brazil," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(1), pages 160-192.
  2. Pritchett, Lant, 1996. "Where has all the education gone?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1581, The World Bank.
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