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Government Policies Affecting Forests in Latin America: An Agenda for Discussion

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  • Jan G. Laarman
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    This paper identifies policy issues that affect the extent, distribution, and condition of forests in Latin America. Forest management policies are only one element in the framework; policies related to agricultural development and land tenure can have potentially negative consequences for forests. Mineral exploration, hydroelectric reservoirs, highway projects, and urban expansion also have impacts on forest conversion. Finally, macroeconomic policies affect forests through their impact on investment, public spending, foreign trade, and other economic variables that have consequences for land use. Examples of the Bank's lending for forests as integrated with agricultural structural adjustment loans (AGSALs) in Honduras, Nicaragua, and Peru are presented.

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    Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank in its series IDB Publications (Working Papers) with number 25498.

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    Date of creation: Jan 1995
    Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:25498
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    1. Robert T. Deacon, 1994. "Deforestation and the Rule of Law in a Cross-Section of Countries," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 70(4), pages 414-430.
    2. Hyde, W.F. & Newman, D.H. & Sedjo, R.A., 1991. "Forest Economics and Policy Analysis," World Bank - Discussion Papers 134, World Bank.
    3. Ian Coxhead & Sisira Jayasuriya, 1994. "Technical Change in Agriculture and Land Degradation in Developing Countries: A General Equilibrium Analysis," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 70(1), pages 20-37.
    4. Gottfried, Robert R. & Brockett, Charles D. & Davis, William C., 1994. "Models of sustainable development and forest resource management in Costa Rica," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 107-120, February.
    5. Bromley, Daniel W., 1989. "Property relations and economic development: The other land reform," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 867-877, June.
    6. Ernesto Sepúlveda & Germán Coloma & Ana María Gómez & Rossana Corona & Juan Pablo Trujillo & Lino Jaramillo & Pablo Gerchunoff & Luis Alberto Zuleta & Gustavo Adolfo Ramírez & Dominique Hachette & Gui, 1993. "Privatization in Latin America," IDB Publications (Books), Inter-American Development Bank, number 44638 edited by Rossana Corona & Manuel Sánchez, February.
    7. Agosin, Manuel R. & Ffrench-Davis, Ricardo, 1993. "Trade liberalization in Latin America," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
    8. Daly, Herman E., 1990. "Carrying capacity as a tool of development policy: the Ecuadoran Amazon and the Paraguayan Chaco," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 187-195, October.
    9. Sanfuentes V., Andrés, 1987. "Chile: effects of the adjustment policies on the agriculture and forestry sector," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
    10. Laarman, Jan G., 1993. "Evaluating Environmental Impacts Of Rural Development Projects," Working Papers 11896, Environmental and Natural Resources Policy Training Project.
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