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EU 4.0 - The debate on digitalisation and the labour market in Europe


  • Grass, Karen
  • Weber, Enzo

    () (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])


"In the recent years an intensive discussion in politics, research, business and society on the influence of digitalisation on the working world has evolved. This development is expected to exert profound effects on the use of human labour. However, judgements widely diverge. The comprehensive debates on "industry 4.0" and "labour 4.0" in Germany are concerned with influences of digitalisation on the economy and the labour market, substitutability of jobs as well as conditions, qualifications and regulations for a new world of employment. Thereby, the discussions are characterised by large uncertainty regarding the future development and thus often focus more on exploration rather than on confronting firmly established positions. This in particular makes it valuable to feed additional information into the national debates. In this, it is worth looking into other countries: Which is the stance of digitalisation, how is the influence on the working world evaluated? Which political positions and measures are discussed? Which programmes and projects were established, are results already conceivable? The underlying report gives an overview for several European countries and for the level of the European Union. Regarding digitalisation, it considers the areas of economic developments, tasks and competences as well as working conditions and changes of the world of employment." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en)) Additional Information Deutschsprachige Ausgabe

Suggested Citation

  • Grass, Karen & Weber, Enzo, 2017. "EU 4.0 - The debate on digitalisation and the labour market in Europe," IAB Discussion Paper 201639_en, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  • Handle: RePEc:iab:iabdpa:201639_en

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Frey, Carl Benedikt & Osborne, Michael A., 2017. "The future of employment: How susceptible are jobs to computerisation?," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 254-280.
    2. David H. Autor, 2015. "Why Are There Still So Many Jobs? The History and Future of Workplace Automation," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 29(3), pages 3-30, Summer.
    3. Dengler, Katharina & Matthes, Britta, 2015. "Folgen der Digitalisierung für die Arbeitswelt : Substituierbarkeitspotenziale von Berufen in Deutschland," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201511, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    4. Bonin, Holger & Gregory, Terry & Zierahn, Ulrich, 2015. "Übertragung der Studie von Frey/Osborne (2013) auf Deutschland," ZEW Expertises, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research, volume 57, number 123310, December.
    5. Francesco Avvisati & Sara Hennessy & Robert B. Kozma & Stéphan Vincent-Lancrin, 2013. "Review of the Italian Strategy for Digital Schools," OECD Education Working Papers 90, OECD Publishing.
    6. Rinaldo Evangelista & Paolo Guerrieri & Valentina Meliciani, 2014. "The economic impact of digital technologies in Europe," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(8), pages 802-824, November.
    7. Boll, Christina & Leppin, Julian & Rossen, Anja & Wolf, André, 2016. "Overeducation - New evidence for 25 European countries," IAB Discussion Paper 201635, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
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    technischer Wandel - Auswirkungen; Digitale Arbeitswelt; Diskurs - internationaler Vergleich; menschliche Arbeit; Beschäftigungseffekte; Substitutionseffekte; Wirtschaftsentwicklung; Arbeitsbedingungen; politische Einstellungen; Qualifikationsanforderungen; EDV-Anwendung; EDV-Kenntnisse; informationstechnische Bildung; Wirtschaftspolitik; Bildungspolitik; Innovationspolitik; Europäische Union; Finnland; Frankreich; Großbritannien; Italien; Niederlande; Österreich; Polen; Spanien; Bundesrepublik Deutschland;

    JEL classification:

    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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