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Risiken infolge von Technologie-Outsourcing?


  • Michael Stephan


Das vorliegende Diskussionspapier umfasst eine empirische Untersuchung der Auswirkungen Fremdvergabe von Wertschöpfungsleistungen an externe Zulieferer auf die Breite der technologischen Kompetenzbasis von Unternehmen. Die Untersuchung umfasst eine Stichprobe von insgesamt 50 multinationalen Unternehmen aus der Grundgesamtheit der Top-200 F&E betreibenden Unternehmen. Der Untersuchungszeitraum erstreckt sich auf insgesamt 20 Jahre im Zeitraum 1983-2002. Das Ergebnis zeigt, dass sich während der letzten 20 Jahre die Breite des Technologieportfolios verstärkt von der Entwicklung der Wertschöpfungstiefe entkoppelt hat. Obwohl im Stichprobendurchschnitt die Werte für beide Kenngrößen zurückgegangen sind, war der Rückgang bei der Wertschöpfungstiefe mit 15 Prozent deutlich stärker als der Rückgang des Technologiespektrums (-3,03 Prozent). Diese Entkopplung kann in der multiplen Regressionsanalyse bestätigt werden: Der Grad der vertikalen Spezialisierung hat keinen signifikanten Einfluss auf die zu erklärende Variable. Damit lässt sich die im Beitrag aufgeworfene Fragestellung beantworten: Die Fremdvergabe von Wertschöpfungsleistungen an externe Zulieferer geht nicht mit dem Abbau der technologischen Kompetenzbasis einher.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Stephan, 2007. "Risiken infolge von Technologie-Outsourcing?," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2007-047, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:hum:wpaper:sfb649dp2007-047

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Outsourcing; Technologieportfolio; Internationalisierung; Produktdiversifikation;

    JEL classification:

    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • L24 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Contracting Out; Joint Ventures
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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