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School Segregation and the Identification of Tipping Behavior

  • Gregorio Caetano

    ()

    (University of Rochester)

  • Vikram Maheshri

    ()

    (University of Houston)

We introduce an empirical framework that synthesizes the key insights of the Schelling model of segregation. Our framework builds upon an established empirical literature in neighborhood choice and can accommodate complex, realistic features that have been absent from prior analyses of tipping and segregation. We implement our approach to study racial segregation in Los Angeles County public schools from 2002-2006 and find substantial heterogeneity in tipping behavior across schools, with most schools featuring two segregated, stable equilibria and a tipping point ranging from 15-85% minority share. We discuss extensions to our analysis by considering alternative, more general specifications of segregation.

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File URL: http://www.uh.edu/econpapers/RePEc/hou/wpaper/2013-252-50.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Houston in its series Working Papers with number 2013-252-50.

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Date of creation: 01 Jun 2013
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Handle: RePEc:hou:wpaper:2013-252-50
Contact details of provider: Postal: Houston TX 77023
Web page: http://www.uh.edu/class/economics/

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  11. Leah Platt Boustan, 2012. "School Desegregation and Urban Change: Evidence from City Boundaries," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 4(1), pages 85-108, January.
  12. David Card & Alexandre Mas & Jesse Rothstein, 2008. "Are Mixed Neighborhoods Always Unstable?: Two-Sided and One Sided Tipping," Working Papers 1067, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  13. Bayer, Patrick & Timmins, Christopher, 2005. "On the equilibrium properties of locational sorting models," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(3), pages 462-477, May.
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  15. Frankel, David M. & Volij, Oscar, 2011. "Measuring school segregation," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 146(1), pages 1-38, January.
  16. Pancs, Romans & Vriend, Nicolaas J., 2007. "Schelling's spatial proximity model of segregation revisited," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(1-2), pages 1-24, February.
  17. Elinor Ostrom, 2000. "Collective Action and the Evolution of Social Norms," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(3), pages 137-158, Summer.
  18. Sandra E. Black, 1997. "Do better schools matter? Parental valuation of elementary education," Research Paper 9729, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  19. Patrick Bayer & Robert McMillan & Alvin Murphy & Christopher Timmins, 2011. "A Dynamic Model of Demand for Houses and Neighborhoods," Working Papers 11-16, Duke University, Department of Economics.
  20. Stephen B. Billings & David J. Deming & Jonah E. Rockoff, 2012. "School Segregation, Educational Attainment and Crime: Evidence from the end of busing in Charlotte-Mecklenburg," NBER Working Papers 18487, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  21. Banzhaf, H. Spencer & Walsh, Randall P., 2013. "Segregation and Tiebout sorting: The link between place-based investments and neighborhood tipping," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 83-98.
  22. Whitney K. Newey & James L. Powell, 2003. "Instrumental Variable Estimation of Nonparametric Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(5), pages 1565-1578, 09.
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