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Estimation of multivariate probit models by exact maximum likelihood

Author

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  • Jacques Huguenin
  • Florian Pelgrin
  • Alberto Holly

Abstract

In this paper, we develop a new numerical method to estimate a multivariate probit model. To this end, we derive a new decomposition of normal multivariate integrals that has two appealing properties. First, the decomposition may be written as the sum of normal multivariate integrals, in which the highest dimension of the integrands is reduced relative to the initial problem. Second, the domains of integration are bounded and delimited by the correlation coefficients. Application of a Gauss-Legendre quadrature rule to the exact likelihood function of lower dimension allows for a major reduction of computing time while simultaneously obtaining consistent and efficient estimates for both the slope and the scale parameters. A Monte Carlo study shows that the finite sample and asymptotic properties of our method compare extremely favorably to the maximum simulated likelihood estimator in terms of both bias and root mean squared error.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacques Huguenin & Florian Pelgrin & Alberto Holly, 2009. "Estimation of multivariate probit models by exact maximum likelihood," Working Papers 0902, University of Lausanne, Institute of Health Economics and Management (IEMS).
  • Handle: RePEc:hem:wpaper:0902
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Lee, Lung-Fei, 1995. "Asymptotic Bias in Simulated Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Discrete Choice Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 11(03), pages 437-483, June.
    7. Sandor, Zsolt & Andras, P.Peter, 2004. "Alternative sampling methods for estimating multivariate normal probabilities," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 120(2), pages 207-234, June.
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    12. Breslaw, Jon A, 1994. "Evaluation of Multivariate Normal Probability Integrals Using a Low Variance Simulator," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 76(4), pages 673-682, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bhat, Chandra R., 2011. "The maximum approximate composite marginal likelihood (MACML) estimation of multinomial probit-based unordered response choice models," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(7), pages 923-939, August.
    2. Barrera, Carlos, 2014. "La relación entre los ciclos discretos en la inflación y el crecimiento: Perú 1993 - 2012," Working Papers 2014-024, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    3. Paleti, Rajesh & Bhat, Chandra R., 2013. "The composite marginal likelihood (CML) estimation of panel ordered-response models," Journal of choice modelling, Elsevier, vol. 7(C), pages 24-43.
    4. Bertrand Candelon & Elena-Ivona DUMITRESCU & Christophe HURLIN & Franz C. PALM, 2011. "Modelling Financial Crises Mutation," LEO Working Papers / DR LEO 1238, Orleans Economics Laboratory / Laboratoire d'Economie d'Orleans (LEO), University of Orleans.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Multivariate Probit Model; Simulated and Full Information Maximum Likelihood; Multivariate Normal Distribution; Simulations;

    JEL classification:

    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General
    • C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables

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