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Exploring the polycentric city with multi-worker households: an agent-based microeconomic model

  • Rémi Lemoy

    ()

    (University of Luxembourg [Luxembourg], LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État [ENTPE] - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Charles Raux

    ()

    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État [ENTPE] - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Pablo Jensen

    ()

    (IXXI - Institut Rhône-Alpin des Systèmes Complexes - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon, LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État [ENTPE] - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Phys-ENS - Laboratoire de Physique de l'ENS Lyon - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon)

We propose an agent-based dynamics which leads an urban system to the standard equilibrium of the Alonso, Muth, Mills (AMM) framework. Starting for instance from a random initialization, agents move and bid for land, performing a kind of local search and finally leading the system to equilibrium rent, density and land use. Agreement with continuous analytical results is only limited by the discreteness of simulations. We then study polycentrism in cities with this tool. Two job centers are introduced, and the economic, social and environmental outcomes of various polycentric spatial structures are presented. We also introduce two-worker households whose partners may work in different job centers. When various two-worker households are mixed, polycentrism is desirable, as long as centers are not moved too far apart from each other. The environmental outcome is also positive, but housing surfaces increase.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00602087.

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Date of creation: 27 Mar 2013
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00602087
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  1. Fujita,Masahisa, 1989. "Urban Economic Theory," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521346627, June.
  2. Wu, JunJie & Plantinga, Andrew J., 2003. "The influence of public open space on urban spatial structure," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 288-309, September.
  3. Fujita, Masahisa, 1985. "Existence and uniqueness of equilibrium and optimal land use : Boundary rent curve approach," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 295-324, June.
  4. Brueckner, J.K. & Thisse, J.-F. & Zenou, Y., 1996. "Why is central Paris rich and downtown Detroit poor ? An amenity-based theory," CORE Discussion Papers 1996065, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  5. Fujita, Masahisa & Smith, Tony E., 1987. "Existence of continuous residential land-use equilibria," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 549-594, November.
  6. Berliant, Marcus, 1991. "Comments on: 'On the foundations of land use theory: Discrete versus continuous populations' by Y. Asami, M. Fujita and T.E. Smith," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 639-645, December.
  7. Asami, Y. & Fujita, M. & Smith, T. E., 1991. "On the foundations of land use theory : Discrete versus continuous populations," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 473-508, February.
  8. Tivadar, Mihai, 2010. "Is it better to live in a US or a European city?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 221-227, July.
  9. Fujita, Masahisa & Ogawa, Hideaki, 1982. "Multiple equilibria and structural transition of non-monocentric urban configurations," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 161-196, May.
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