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Child fostering in Senegal

Author

Listed:
  • Simon Beck
  • Philippe De Vreyer

    (DIAL - Développement, institutions et analyses de long terme)

  • Sylvie Lambert

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Karine Marazyan

    (IEDES)

  • Abla Safir

    (LEA - Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, CREST - Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique - INSEE - ENSAE ParisTech - École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Économique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

Abstract

This paper is about child fostering in Senegal, a practice widespread in Sub-Saharan Africa whereby children are temporarily sent to live with a host family. Using a rich household survey conducted in Senegal in 2006-7, the paper aims at describing the selection into fostering of both households and children and at examining the impact of fostering on the well-being of children (host, foster- and siblings left behind) measured through their school enrollment, labour and domestic work. Results suggest a wide heterogeneity among foster children, inducing differences in their well-being. The main sources of such heterogeneity come from the child’s gender and his duration of stay in the host household. Whether the fostering has been formally arranged between parents also seems to matter. Results are reassuring regarding the well-being of fostered children relative to their host siblings, even if they might not fare as well as children not involved in fostering. On average, education and labour outcomes of foster children are not different from those of their host siblings. In particular, results do not support the idea that fostered girls might be overloaded with domestic tasks: they do not seem to spend more time at it than their host sisters.

Suggested Citation

  • Simon Beck & Philippe De Vreyer & Sylvie Lambert & Karine Marazyan & Abla Safir, 2015. "Child fostering in Senegal," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" halshs-01379304, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:pseose:halshs-01379304 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01379304
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Milazzo, Annamaria, 2014. "Son preference, fertility and family structure : evidence from reproductive behavior among Nigerian women," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6869, The World Bank.
    2. Philippe De Vreyer & Björn Nilsson, 2016. "When Solidarity Fails: Heterogeneous Effects of Orphanhood in Senegalese Households," Working Papers DT/2016/17, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    3. repec:eee:wdevel:v:103:y:2018:i:c:p:311-322 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. François Libois & Vincent Somville, 2014. "Fertility, Household’s size and Poverty in Nepal," Working Papers 1412, University of Namur, Department of Economics.
    5. Lambert, Sylvie & Ravallion, Martin & van de Walle, Dominique, 2014. "Intergenerational mobility and interpersonal inequality in an African economy," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 327-344.
    6. Lambert, Sylvie & van de Walle, Dominique, 2011. "Is It What You Inherited Or What You Learnt?," WIDER Working Paper Series 062, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    7. Sylvie Lambert & Philippe De Vreyer, 2017. "Inequality, poverty and the intra-household allocation of consumption in Senegal," Working Papers DT/2017/05, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).

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    Keywords

    Child fostering; Senegal;

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