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Appraising income inequality databases in Latin America

Author

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  • François Bourguignon

    () (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

Abstract

This paper provides an evaluation of the main income distribution databases in Latin America: the CEPALSTAT and the SEDLAC databases. Alhough they rely on the same household surveys conducted by national statistical offices in the region, the indicators reported in the two databases differ substantially in a number of cases. Those differences come from distinct adjustments made to the original data, in particular an adjustment to National Accounts aggregate income data in the CEPALSTAT database. Based on this comparison, the paper then provides a general discussion of the adjustment of household survey data to National Accounts as well as other issues which may be responsible for biases in the way inequality is estimated and reported.

Suggested Citation

  • François Bourguignon, 2015. "Appraising income inequality databases in Latin America," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" halshs-01307743, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:pseose:halshs-01307743
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01307743
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Angus Deaton, 2005. "Measuring Poverty in a Growing World (or Measuring Growth in a Poor World)," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 87(1), pages 1-19, February.
    2. Lustig, Nora & Lopez-Calva, Luis F. & Ortiz-Juarez, Eduardo, 2013. "Declining Inequality in Latin America in the 2000s: The Cases of Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 129-141.
    3. Angus Deaton, 2003. "How to Monitor Poverty for the Millennium Development Goals," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(3), pages 353-378.
    4. Miguel Szekely & Nora Lustig & Martin Cumpa & Jose Antonio Mejia, 2004. "Do we know how much poverty there is?," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(4), pages 523-558.
    5. Angus Deaton, 2005. "ERRATUM: Measuring Poverty in a Growing World (or Measuring Growth in a Poor World)," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 87(2), pages 395-395, May.
    6. Ferreira, Francisco H. G. & Leite, Phillippe G. & Litchfield, Julie A., 2008. "The Rise And Fall Of Brazilian Inequality: 1981–2004," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(S2), pages 199-230, September.
    7. Anthony Atkinson & Thomas Piketty, 2010. "Top Incomes : A Global Perspective," Post-Print halshs-00754875, HAL.
    8. Martin Ravallion, 2003. "Measuring Aggregate Welfare in Developing Countries: How Well Do National Accounts and Surveys Agree?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 85(3), pages 645-652, August.
    9. Malpezzi, Stephen & Mayo, Stephen K, 1987. "The Demand for Housing in Developing Countries: Empirical Estimates from Household Data," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 35(4), pages 687-721, July.
    10. Atkinson, A. B. & Piketty, Thomas (ed.), 2010. "Top Incomes: A Global Perspective," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199286898.
    11. repec:pri:rpdevs:deaton_poverty_mdg is not listed on IDEAS
    12. David Bravo & José A. Valderrama Torres, 2011. "The impact of income adjustments in the Casen Survey on the measurement of inequality in Chile," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 38(1 Year 20), pages 43-65, June.
    13. World Bank, 2013. "Measuring the Real Size of the World Economy : The Framework, Methodology, and Results of the International Comparison Program—ICP," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13329, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Francisco G. Ferreira & Nora Lustig & Daniel Teles, 2015. "Appraising cross-national income inequality databases: An introduction," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 13(4), pages 497-526, December.
    2. Andrea Brandolini & Alfonso Rosolia, 2019. "The Distribution of Well-Being among Europeans," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 1052, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    3. Leonardo Lucchetti & Andrés Castañeda & Santiago Garriga & Leonardo Gasparini & Daniel Valderrama, 2018. "How Sensitive Is Regional Poverty Measurement in Latin America to the Value of the Poverty Line?," Economía Journal, The Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA, vol. 0(Fall 2018), pages 33-58, November.
    4. repec:kap:jecinq:v:16:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s10888-018-9388-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Channing Arndt & Kristi Mahrt, 2017. "Is inequality underestimated in Mozambique? Accounting for underreported consumption," WIDER Working Paper Series 153, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    6. repec:oup:cesifo:v:64:y:2018:i:3:p:345-370. is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Neidhöfer, Guido, 2016. "Intergenerational mobility and the rise and fall of inequality: Lessons from Latin America," Discussion Papers 2016/3, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
    8. repec:spr:joecin:v:16:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s10888-018-9390-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Facundo Alvaredo & Cecilia García-Peñalosa, 2018. "Top incomes, wealth and inheritance: special issue in homage to Tony Atkinson," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 16(2), pages 131-136, June.
    10. Boone, Catherine & Simson, Rebecca, 2019. "Regional inequalities in African political economy: theory, conceptualization and measurement, and political effects," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 100861, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.

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