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A comparison of rail liberalisation levels across four European countries

Author

Listed:
  • Paolo Beria

    (POLIMI - Politecnico di Milano [Milan])

  • Emile Quinet

    (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

  • Gines de Rus

    (ULPGC - University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid [Madrid])

  • Carola Schulz

    (IWW - Institute for Economic Policy Research - KIT - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a research into railway regulation and liberalisation in Italy, France, Germany and Spain. The analysis covers the relationship between the State and the rail companies, network access conditions by operators, slot allocating and pricing schemes and how public service obligations are defined, financed and regulated. The aim of the paper is to give a comparative overview of the regulation of railways. The regulatory frameworks are described and then assessed according to their implications on the degree of liberalisation and on their actual market opening. The conclusions are that the actual level of market opening is still limited and, only in some cases, is the liberalisation improving. Entry in the industry has not yet developed its full potential. An issue emerging in this research is the opposing attitude of incumbent railways against liberalisation and the role of governments in backing this behaviour.

Suggested Citation

  • Paolo Beria & Emile Quinet & Gines de Rus & Carola Schulz, 2012. "A comparison of rail liberalisation levels across four European countries," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" halshs-00754578, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:pseose:halshs-00754578
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-pjse.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00754578
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ugo Arrigo & Giacomo Foggia, 2013. "Schemes And Levels Of State Aid To Rail Industry In Europe: Evidences From A Cross-Country Comparison," European Journal of Business and Economics, Central Bohemia University, vol. 8(3), pages 4101:8-4101, October.
    2. David Hergott & Florent Laroche & Patricia Perennes, 2014. "30 fiches pour comprendre les enjeux de la réforme ferroviaire," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01486732, HAL.
    3. Turgut Ozkan & Gozde Yanginlar & Salih Kalayci, 2016. "Railway Transport Liberalization: A Case Study of Various Countries in the World," Journal of Management and Sustainability, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 6(4), pages 140-148, December.
    4. Laurino, Antonio & Ramella, Francesco & Beria, Paolo, 2015. "The economic regulation of railway networks: A worldwide survey," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 202-212.
    5. Tomeš, Zdeněk & Kvizda, Martin & Nigrin, Tomáš & Seidenglanz, Daniel, 2014. "Competition in the railway passenger market in the Czech Republic," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 270-276.
    6. repec:eee:retrec:v:69:y:2018:i:c:p:187-196 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:eee:transa:v:120:y:2019:i:c:p:261-276 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:eee:retrec:v:69:y:2018:i:c:p:326-336 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Bošković, Branislav & Bugarinović, Mirjana, 2015. "Why and how to manage the process of liberalization of a regional railway market: South-Eastern European case study," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 50-59.
    10. Javier Campos, 2015. "La competencia en el ferrocarril: un análisis del nuevo marco institucional en Europa y en España," Policy Papers 2015-12, FEDEA.
    11. Wolfgang Kerber & Julia Wendel, 2014. "Regulation of Network Sectors in the EU: A Federalist Perspective," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201422, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    12. Álvarez-SanJaime, Óscar & Cantos-Sanchez, Pedro & Moner-Colonques, Rafael & Sempere-Monerris, Jose J., 2016. "Rail access charges and internal competition in high speed trains," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 184-195.
    13. Giovanni ESPOSITO & Julia DOLESCHEL & Tobias KALOUD & Marco MARIOTTI & Jadwiga URBAN-KOZŁOWSKA, 2017. "The European Railway Sectors: Understanding and Assessing Change," Departmental Working Papers 2017-01, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
    14. Dederke, Julian, 2014. "Bahnliberalisierung in der Europäischen Union: Die Rolle des EuGH als politischer und politisch restringierter Akteur bei der Transformation staatsnaher Sektoren," PIPE - Papers on International Political Economy 20/2014, Free University Berlin, Center for International Political Economy.
    15. repec:eee:jotrge:v:46:y:2015:i:c:p:189-200 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Arrigo, Ugo & Di Foggia, Giacomo, 2013. "Assessing the railways subsidy in selected European countries: insights from the Italian case," MPRA Paper 67830, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Mihail BUSU & Cristian BUSU, 2015. "The Liberalization Process Of The Railway Sector In Romania And Some Infringement Case Studies," Proceedings of the INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 9(1), pages 532-540, November.
    18. repec:eee:transa:v:113:y:2018:i:c:p:421-440 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Ugo ARRIGO & Giacomo DI FOGGIA, 2014. "Theoretical And Viable Charging Models For Railway Infrastructure Access: An European Survey," Management Research and Practice, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 6(2), pages 5-24, June.
    20. repec:eee:retrec:v:69:y:2018:i:c:p:300-309 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. repec:eee:retrec:v:72:y:2018:i:c:p:37-48 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Railways; Liberalisation; Regulation; Europe; Italy; France; Germany; Spain;

    JEL classification:

    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
    • L92 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Railroads and Other Surface Transportation
    • R48 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government Pricing and Policy
    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism

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