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  • Céline Bonnefond

    () (CREG - Centre de recherche en économie de Grenoble - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes)

  • Claire Gondard-Delcroix

    () (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - UB - Université de Bordeaux - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)


Today, roughly one half of the world's population lives in rural areas, and it is estimated that three-quarters of the people who live there are poor. Equally, it should not be forgotten that agriculture is intended to satisfy food needs and that it accounts for a significant proportion of rural income. For all these reasons, agriculture is a key factor for eradicating poverty and undernourishment, the objective fixed by the first Millenium Development Goal. Agriculture should therefore be at the very centre of development programmes and there is a growing consensus about the strategic role of agriculture, notably focused in the World Bank's 2008 development report. Nevertheless, agricultural priorities vary greatly across countries, with each nation adopting one specific agricultural model according to its agroclimatic, cultural, socioeconomic and political context. Greater elements of knowledge about agriculture models at both the outcomes and institutional levels are therefore needed. In this line, this chapter proposes a classification analysis of agriculture models based on a broad sample of 140 countries. The empirical strategy is based on the combination of PCA analysis and mixed classification analysis, and we include usual variables accounting for performance (such as productivity or the size of agriculture) and also variables reflecting institutional aspects (about land property rights). Three agricultural models have been identified: (i) the traditional agriculture model; (2) the modern agriculture model; and (3) the dualistic agriculture model.

Suggested Citation

  • Céline Bonnefond & Claire Gondard-Delcroix, 2017. "Agriculture," Post-Print halshs-01568252, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01568252
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