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Kirghizstan, Ouzbékistan, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan

Listed author(s):
  • Faruk Ülgen

    ()

    (CREG - Centre de recherche en économie de Grenoble - Grenoble 2 UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France)

Quelles que soient les différences entre Kirghizstan, l’Ouzbékistan, le Tadjikistan et le Turkménistan, l’ensemble constitue une zone toujours soumise à de fortes tensions et contraintes, qui déterminent les limites d’un processus de développement principalement lié à des ressources rentières. Elles viennent aujourd’hui principalement de l’instabilité politique, tant interne qu’entre les quatre pays, de l’absence d’orientation soutenue en matière de développement, de la forte dépendance économique et/ou politique vis-à-vis de partenaires puissants comme la Russie et la Chine, des lacunes persistantes dans les systèmes financiers, de la faiblesse des mécanismes publics de contrôle et d’orientation des activités économiques et des pratiques politiques alimentant souvent la corruption et le trafic en tout genre et à grande échelle et, enfin, des instabilités géopolitiques (interventions militaires occidentales permanentes, foyers de mouvements radicaux et terroristes, etc.). C’est dans ce cadre problématique que l’évolution des quatre économies peut être comprise. L’année 2014 n’apporte pas de changement majeur par rapport à la précédente, mais elle permet d’évaluer des tendances lourdes dans la sous-région eu égard à l’évolution du monde.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-01129012.

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Date of creation: 2014
Publication status: Published in Les études du CERI (Centre d'études et de recherches internationales), 2014, pp.22-29
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01129012
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01129012
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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