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Monetary policy with Heterogeneous Agents and Borrowing Constraints

Author

Listed:
  • Yann Algan

    (OFCE - Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques - Sciences Po - Sciences Po, Sciences Po - Sciences Po)

  • Xavier Ragot

    (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, Banque de France - Banque de France)

Abstract

We show that the long-run neutrality of inflation on capital accumulation obtained in complete market models no longer holds when households face binding credit constraints. Borrowing-constrained households are not able to rebalance their financial portfolio when inflation varies, and thus adjust their money holdings differently compared to unconstrained households. This heterogeneity leads to a new precautionary savings motive, which implies that inflation increases capital accumulation. We quantify the importance of this new channel in an incomplete market model where the traditional redistributive effects of inflation are also introduced. We show that this model provides a quantitative rationale for the observed hump-shaped relationship between inflation and capital accumulation.

Suggested Citation

  • Yann Algan & Xavier Ragot, 2010. "Monetary policy with Heterogeneous Agents and Borrowing Constraints," Post-Print halshs-00754461, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00754461
    DOI: 10.1016/j.red.2009.05.001
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-pjse.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00754461
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    Cited by:

    1. Olivier Allais & Yann Algan & Edouard Challe & Xavier Ragot, 2020. "The Welfare Cost of Inflation Risk under Imperfect Insurance," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 138, pages 1-20.
    2. Miller, Marcus & Zhang, Lei, 2014. "Macro coordination: Forward Guidance as ‘cheap talk’?," CEPR Discussion Papers 9975, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Villarreal, Francisco G., 2014. "Financial Services and Household Inequality in Mexico," MPRA Paper 57075, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Christophe Blot & Jérôme Creel & Paul Hubert & Fabien Labondance & Xavier Ragot, 2015. "The redistributive effects of QE," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/16fo245k6a8, Sciences Po.
    5. Yann Algan & Olivier Allais & Edouard Challe & Xavier Ragot, 2016. "The Welfare Cost of Inflation Risk Under Imperfect Insurance," Sciences Po Economics Discussion Papers 2016-08, Sciences Po Departement of Economics.
    6. Enes Sunel, 2018. "Welfare Consequences of Gradual Disinflation in Emerging Economies," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 50(4), pages 705-755, June.
    7. Yann Algan & Olivier Allais & Edouard Challe & Xavier Ragot, 2012. "Monetary Shocks Under Incomplete Markets," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/1j0a1p4ifa9, Sciences Po.
    8. Hakan Yilmazkuday, 2020. "Unequal unemployment effects of COVID-19 and monetary policy across U.S. States," Journal of Behavioral Economics for Policy, Society for the Advancement of Behavioral Economics (SABE), vol. 4(S3), pages 45-53, December.
    9. Florin Bilbiie & Xavier Ragot, 2021. "Optimal Monetary Policy and Liquidity with Heterogeneous Households," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 41, pages 71-95, July.
    10. Ragot, Xavier, 2014. "The case for a financial approach to money demand," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 94-107.
    11. Jonathan Chiu & Miguel Molico, . "Short-Run Dynamics in a Search-Theoretic Model of Monetary Exchange," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics.
    12. Mauro Napoletano, 2018. "A Short Walk on the Wild Side: Agent-Based Models and their Implications for Macroeconomic Analysis," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 257-281.
    13. Christian Loenser & Andreas Schabert, 2020. "Monetary Policy, Financial Constraints, And Redistribution," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 61(4), pages 1501-1529, November.
    14. Xavier Ragot & Florin O. Bilbiie, 2016. "Monetary Policy, Inflation, and Inequality: The Case for Helicopters," 2016 Meeting Papers 1663, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    15. Sunel, Enes, 2012. "Transitional Dynamics of Disinflation in a Small Open Economy with Heterogeneous Agents," MPRA Paper 39690, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Olivier Allais & Yann Algan & Edouard Challe & Xavier Ragot, 2015. "The Welfare Cost of Inflation Risk Under Imperfect Insurance," Working Papers hal-01169656, HAL.
    17. Valério Ercolani, 2016. "The precautionary saving: theories, measurements and policies," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles and Banco de Portugal Economic Studies, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    18. Senbeta, Sisay, 2011. "How applicable are the new keynesian DSGE models to a typical low-income economy?," MPRA Paper 30931, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Lizarazo, Sandra & Da-Rocha, Jose-Maria, 2011. "Optimal monetary policy and default," MPRA Paper 31931, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Andreas Schabert, 2017. "Welfare-Enhancing Distributional Effects of Central Bank Asset Purchases," Working Paper Series in Economics 94, University of Cologne, Department of Economics.
    21. Jonathan Chiu & Miguel Molico, . "Short-Run Dynamics in a Search-Theoretic Model of Monetary Exchange," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics.
    22. Christian Loenser & Andreas Schabert, 2020. "Monetary Policy, Financial Constraints, and Redistribution," ECONtribute Discussion Papers Series 011, University of Bonn and University of Cologne, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary policy; Incomplete markets; Borrowing constraints;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit

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