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Echange international et distorsions internes: comment gouverner la globalisation

Listed author(s):
  • Jean-Luc Gaffard

    ()

    (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis - CNRS)

  • Francesco Saraceno

    (OFCE - Observatoire Français des Conjonctures économiques - Institut d'Études Politiques [IEP] - Paris - Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques [FNSP])

Changes in the pattern of international trade inevitably create distortions that perturb the functioning of the economy. These distortions may not be reduced to malfunctioning goods or labour markets, and hence cannot be eliminated by simply choosing the optimal institutions. Domestic distortions call for domestic solutions. To explore these solutions it is useless to analyze the properties of equilibria before and after the opening to trade. Rather, we need to build an analytical framework suited to investigate the characteristics of a transition process whose success is not guaranteed ex ante. it appears that wage rigidity and an easy access to external financial resources are necessary in presence of fast pace of change, while if change is sufficiently slow the standard recipe of wage flexibility may be appropriate. These results may help in the institutional and organizational choices to be implemented in economies willing to profit from international trade and globalization. JEL Classification: F16, F41.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00375480.

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Date of creation: Jul 2007
Publication status: Published in Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences Po, 2007, pp.205-221
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00375480
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00375480
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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  1. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/1261 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Mario Amendola & Jean-Luc Gaffard & Francesco Saraceno, 2004. "Wage Flexibility and Unemployment: The Keynesian Perspective Revisited," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 51(5), pages 654-674, November.
  3. Jean-Luc Gaffard & Francesco Saraceno, 2007. "International Trade and Domestic Distortions: Modelling the Transition Process," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2007-18, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  4. Dani Rodrik, 1998. "Why Do More Open Economies Have Bigger Governments?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(5), pages 997-1032, October.
  5. Richard A. Brecher, 1974. "Minimum Wage Rates and the Pure Theory of International Trade," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 88(1), pages 98-116.
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