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Environmental innovations and firms’ organizational changes: What kind of complementarity? Evidence from French industrial firms


  • Danielle Galliano

    (AGIR - AGroécologie, Innovations, teRritoires - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - Toulouse INP - Institut National Polytechnique (Toulouse) - Université Fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées)

  • Simon Nadel

    () (CLERSE - Centre Lillois d’Études et de Recherches Sociologiques et Économiques - UMR 8019 - Université de Lille - ULCO - Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)


This paper investigates the nature and degree of complementarity between environmental innovation and organizational changes in firms. We study the relationships of complementarity between eco-innovation processes and organizational and technical changes. We analyze complementarity based on the environmental impact of an innovation (reduction of CO2 emissions, reducing pollution, recycling, etc.) in order to shed light on the nature of the complementarity between each type of environmental impact and organizational changes implemented by firms. We use a methodology based on an adoption approach, and on bivariate probit models for studying these complementarities. One of the most significant results has been the identification of the key role played by organizational change dynamics in environmental innovation processes, which goes against an essentially technical vision of environmental innovation. The results highlight that the degree of complementarity varies according to the industrial structures, and that each sector has its own specificities in terms of eco-innovation.

Suggested Citation

  • Danielle Galliano & Simon Nadel, 2018. "Environmental innovations and firms’ organizational changes: What kind of complementarity? Evidence from French industrial firms," Post-Print hal-02558210, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02558210
    DOI: 10.4000/rei.7600
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server:

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    More about this item


    eco-innovation; environmental innovation; organizational changes; complementarity; French industry; changements organisationnels; complementarité; innovation environnementale; éco-innovation; industrie française;

    JEL classification:

    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing


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