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Why do some oil-producing countries succeed in democracy while others fail?

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  • Luc-Désiré Omgba

    () (EconomiX - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Empirical studies examining the effect of oil on democracy have shown contradictory results. This paper offers an explanation. In measuring the number of years between the beginning of oil production and the attainment of political independence in oil-producing countries, we found that the greater the number of years, the higher the level of democracy ceteris paribus. The types of resources exploited in the colonial period were shown to have influenced institutions’ nature and the formation of elite, which acts to prevent subsequent political reforms. This pattern is mitigated in countries that started producing oil far away from their independence.
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Suggested Citation

  • Luc-Désiré Omgba, 2015. "Why do some oil-producing countries succeed in democracy while others fail?," Post-Print hal-01410647, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01410647
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-univ-paris10.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01410647
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    Cited by:

    1. Joseph Massil & Sandrine Kablan & Jacques Landry, 2018. "Does Central Bank’s maturity matter for economic growth?
      [La maturité des Banques Centrales influence -t-elle la croissance économique ?]
      ," Working Papers halshs-01828496, HAL.
    2. repec:eee:wdevel:v:96:y:2017:i:c:p:52-64 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Luc Désiré Omgba, 2016. "On the mobilization of domestic resources in oil countries: The role of historical factors," WIDER Working Paper Series 154, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    4. Joseph Keneck Massil, 2015. "Fondement historique de la qualité des institutions politiques : l’expérience parlementaire à l’indépendance," EconomiX Working Papers 2015-29, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.

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