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Expérimentation de laboratoire et économie : contre quelques idées reçues et faux problèmes

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  • Nathalie Etchart-Vincent

    () (CIRED - Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - CIRAD - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - AgroParisTech - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Despite its increasing use and legitimacy, experimental methodology in economics has been subject to some criticism, an extreme version of which concludes to its irrelevance to its object. With no claim to exhaustiveness, the paper presents and discusses some arguments that we consider to be questionable - because they are suspected to hide either a strategic temptation when facing unpleasant experimental results or a fallacious view of experimental goals and potentialities, or even an inadequate approach of economic reality itself - and shows that they are at best locally or partially valid. This allows us to remind the reader of the purposes of the experimental method, of its potentialities and limits as well as of some basic precautions to adopt.

Suggested Citation

  • Nathalie Etchart-Vincent, 2007. "Expérimentation de laboratoire et économie : contre quelques idées reçues et faux problèmes," Post-Print hal-00743417, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00743417 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00743417
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    1. Ohana, Marc, 2009. "La réciprocité sur le marché du travail : les limites du laboratoire," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 85(2), pages 239-256, juin.

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