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Le double dividende des politiques incitatives à l'allongement de la durée de vie active

Author

Listed:
  • Jean-Olivier Hairault

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • François Langot

    (PJSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Thepthida Sopraseuth

    (PJSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Dans un modèle de cycle de vie, l'âge de la retraite introduit une date terminale de cessation d'activité qui modifie fondamentalement les comportements de recherche d'emploi lorsque les agents se rapprochent de cet horizon. Comme cette date-butoir résulte d'un choix dépendant des particularités du système de retraite, ce dernier peut influer sur le taux d'emploi bien avant l'âge de la retraite. Un modèle, calibré sur l'économie française, révèle qu'une réforme visant à allonger la durée d'activité par la mise en place de surcotes au-delà du taux plein présente effectivement un double dividende : elle allonge la vie active de ceux qui ont toujours été en emploi et elle favorise également le retour en emploi des seniors qui ont été licenciés en fin de vie active, par stimulation de l'offre de travail.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2006. "Le double dividende des politiques incitatives à l'allongement de la durée de vie active," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00307937, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00307937
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00307937
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2004. "Retraite choisie et réduction des déficits," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 18(3), pages 75-136.
    2. Ljungqvist, Lars & Sargent, Thomas J, 2002. "The European Employment Experience," CEPR Discussion Papers 3543, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Didier Blanchet & Louis-Paul Pele, 1999. "Social Security and Retirement in France," NBER Chapters,in: Social Security and Retirement around the World, pages 101-133 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hairault, Jean-Olivier & Langot, François & Sopraseuth, Thepthida, 2005. "Les effets à rebours de l'âge de la retraite sur le taux d'emploi des seniors," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 0513, CEPREMAP.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    durée de vie active;

    JEL classification:

    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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