IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Security of mineral resources: A new framework for quantitative assessment of criticality


  • Georges Daw

    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, LED - Laboratoire d'Economie Dionysien - UP8 - Université Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint-Denis)


This article discusses the limits of economic growth through the issue of criticality of mineral raw materials. It proposes to use and expand the existing work -but not in France or for France- and then apply them to the French economy between 2009 and 2014 via the example of lithium to provide available indicators and the methodology for identifying pressure signals in the supply of raw materials not so far undetectable in existing criticality studies. After building a database on 15 years of production and world trade of lithium, a literature contextualizing the issue of criticality and articulating the criticality factors with the functioning of commodity markets is performed. The reference model of the European Commission is then explained. In addition to these introductory contributions, the main are threefold: the reconfiguration of existing indicators criticality to the French case; the proposal of a new complementary criticality indicator to the Commission's two and which takes into account not only the upstream market of the material but also its downstream processing by the economy; Finally the definition of high and low criticality allows to generate twelve indicators and variants (four strong (s) and eight low) from the two previous points and subjected to robustness checks.

Suggested Citation

  • Georges Daw, 2017. "Security of mineral resources: A new framework for quantitative assessment of criticality," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01591701, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-01591701
    DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2017.06.013
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server:

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Disna Eheliyagoda & Xianlai Zeng & Jinhui Li, 2020. "A method to assess national metal criticality: the environment as a foremost measurement," Palgrave Communications, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 7(1), pages 1-12, December.
    2. Sterba, Jiri & Krzemień, Alicja & Riesgo Fernández, Pedro & Escanciano García-Miranda, Carmen & Fidalgo Valverde, Gregorio, 2019. "Lithium mining: Accelerating the transition to sustainable energy," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 416-426.
    3. Kim, Juhan & Lee, Jungbae & Kim, BumChoong & Kim, Jinsoo, 2019. "Raw material criticality assessment with weighted indicators: An application of fuzzy analytic hierarchy process," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 225-233.
    4. Griffin, Gillian & Gaustad, Gabrielle & Badami, Kedar, 2019. "A framework for firm-level critical material supply management and mitigation," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 262-276.
    5. Shule Li & Jingjing Yan & Qiuming Pei & Jinghua Sha & Siyu Mou & Yong Xiao, 2019. "Risk Identification and Evaluation of the Long-term Supply of Manganese Mines in China Based on the VW-BGR Method," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(9), pages 1-23, May.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-01591701. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.